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Kailin Kroetz

Kailin Kroetz

Assistant Professor, School of Sustainability, College of Global Futures


School of Sustainability
Arizona State University
PO Box 875502
Tempe, AZ 85287-5502


  • Senior Global Futures Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory
  • Assistant Professor, School of Sustainability, College of Global Futures
  • Program Lead for Economics and Biodiversity, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation
  • Senior Research Fellow, Environment for Development


Kailin Kroetz is an Assistant Professor of Environmental and Resource Economics in the School of Sustainability. She is also a University Fellow at Resources for the Future (RFF) -- an independent, nonprofit focused on impartial economic research and policy engagement in Washington, DC -- where she worked for 5 years prior to joining ASU. Prior to working at RFF, she received her PhD in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis.

Her research focuses on management decisions and policies related to natural resource use and conservation and has 3 main areas of focus: 1) enhancing seafood sustainability from production to consumption; 2) supporting biodiversity conservation given limited management budgets; and 3) understanding the role of fish products in sustainable food systems. Current research interests include climate resilient fisheries management, the impacts of seafood mislabeling, accounting for uncertainty in large-scale management approaches to mitigate biodiversity loss, and the role of environmental variability on seafood prices and implications for low-income consumers. Kroetz’s research is generally interdisciplinary and related to current policy issues, and therefore integrated with her public service.  Her public service includes an appointment to the Scientific and Statistical Committee of the North Pacific Fishery Management Council and participation on the National Academies of Sciences committee for Assessing Equity in the Distribution of Fisheries Management Benefits.

Kroetz is also active in teaching and mentorship in research. Her teaching includes Economics of Sustainability at the undergraduate level and Quantitative Tools for Sustainability Research at the graduate level. Together with SOS PhD student Tyler Treakle, she received the Global Futures Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) Inclusive Teaching Fellow award to develop undergraduate economics course materials in SOS. She is committed to supporting undergraduate and graduate students in research and routinely serves on thesis and dissertation committees and publishes with students.



  • PhD, Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California-Davis, 2014
  • MA, Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California-Davis, 2011
  • BA, Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Dartmouth College, 2005

External Links

Journal Articles

In Press

Gigliotti, L. C., M. P. Atwood, E. K. Cole, A. Courtemanch, S. Dewey, J. A. Gude, M. Hurley, M. Kauffman, K. Kroetz, B. Leonard, D. R. MacNulty, E. Maichak, D. McWhirter, T. W. Mong, K. Proffitt, B. Scurlock, D. R. Stahler and A. D. Middleton. Multi-level thresholds of residential and agricultural land use for elk avoidance across the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Journal of Applied Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14401. (link )

Harding, E., K. Kroetz, H. L. Breetz, K. Lee, A. L. Thompson, H. B. Jackson, P. R. Armsworth and G. D. Iacona. Partnerships between organizations that manage protected land in California are associated with groups with environmentally oriented missions. Conservation Science and Practice

Maher, S. M., K. Barker, K. Kroetz, V. Van Butsic, B. Leonard and A. D. Middleton. Assessing the ecosystem services and disservices provided by migratory wildlife across the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Biological Conservation


Albers, H. J., K. Kroetz, C. Sims, A. W. Ando, D. Finnoff, R. D. Horan, R. Liu, E. Nelson and J. Merkle. 2023. Where, when, what, and which? Using characteristics of migratory species to inform conservation policy questions. Rovew pf Emvironmental Economics and Policy 17(1):. DOI: 10.1086/724179. (link )


Ashander, J., K. Kroetz, R. Epanchin-Niell, N. B. Phelps, R. G. Haight and L. Dee. 2022. Guiding large-scale management of invasive species using network metrics. Nature Sustainability 5:762-769. DOI: 10.1038/s41893-022-00913-9. (link )

Gigliotti, L. C., W. Xu, G. R. Zuckerman, M. P. Atwood, E. K. Cole, A. Courtemanch, S. Dewey, J. A. Gude, P. Hnilicka, M. Hurley, M. Kauffman, K. Kroetz, A. Lawson, B. Leonard, D. R. MacNulty, E. Maichak, D. McWhirter, T. W. Mong, K. Proffitt, B. Scurlock and A. D. Middleton. 2022. Wildlife migrations highlight importance of both private lands and protected areas in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Biological Conservation 275(Nov):109752. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2022.109752. (link )

Kroetz, K., L. Nastbakken and M. Quaas. 2022. The future of wild-caught fisheries: Expanding the scope of management. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 16(2):. DOI: 10.1086/721097. (link )

Stachowiak, C., B. J. Crain, K. Kroetz, J. N. Sanchirico and P. R. Armsworth. 2022. The impact of recreational use and access on biotic and abiotic disturbances on areas protected by local communities and a state conservation agency. Journal for Nature Conservation 68(Aug):126216. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnc.2022.126216. (link )


Crain, B. J., C. Stachowiak, P. F. McKenzie, J. N. Sanchirico, K. Kroetz and P. R. Armsworth. 2021. Citizens of local jurisdictions enhance plant community preservation through ballot initiatives and voter-driven conservation efforts. Ambio 50:1237-1247. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-020-01469-8. (link )

Felipe-Lucia, M. R., A. M. Guerreo, S. M. Alexander, J. Ashander, J. Baggio, M. L. Barnes, O. Bodin, A. Bonn, M. Fortin, R. S. Friedman, J. A. Gephart, K. J. Helmstedt, A. A. Keyes, K. Kroetz, F. Massol, M. J. Pocock, J. Sayles, R. M. Thompson, S. A. Wood and L. Dee. 2021. Conceptualizing ecosystem services using social–ecological networks. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 37(3):211-222. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2021.11.012. (link )

Gammans, M., J. N. Sanchirico, K. Kroetz, P. R. Armsworth and E. W. Swiedler. 2021. Are simultaneously decided referenda substitutable? Evidence from municipal land use ballot measures. Land Economics 97(3):, 577-587.. (link )

Jackson, H. B., K. Kroetz, J. N. Sanchirico, A. Thompson and P. R. Armsworth. 2021. Protected area, easement, and rental contract data reveal five communities of land protection in the United States. Ecological Applications 31(5):e02322. DOI: 10.1002/eap.2322. (link )

Stachowiak, C. M., B. J. Crain, K. Kroetz, J. N. Sanchirico and P. R. Armsworth. 2021. Protected areas established by local communities through direct democracy encompass habitat for species as effectively as protected areas planned over large spatial scales. Environmental Management 67:242–250. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-020-01403-4. (link )


Crain, B. J., J. N. Sanchirico, K. Kroetz, A. E. Benefield and P. R. Armsworth. 2020. Species protection in areas conserved through community-driven direct democracy as compared with a large private land trust in California. Environmental Conservation 47(1):30-38. DOI: 10.1017/S0376892919000407. (link )

Kroetz, K., Y. Kuwayama and C. Vexler. 2020. The economics of the joint management of water resources and aquatic species in the United States. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 14(2):194-215. (link )

Kroetz, K., G. M. Luque, J. A. Gephart, S. L. Jardine, P. Lee, K. Chicojay Moore, C. Cole, A. Steinkruger and C. J. Donlan. 2020. Consequences of seafood mislabeling for marine populations and fisheries management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2003741117. (link )


Kroetz, K., D. K. Lew, J. N. Sanchirico and P. Donovan. 2019. Recreational leasing of Alaska commercial halibut quota: The early years of the GAF Program in Alaska. Coastal Management 47(2):207-226. DOI: 10.1080/08920753.2019.1564954. (link )

Kroetz, K., M. N. Reimer, J. N. Sanchirico, D. K. Lew and J. Huetteman. 2019. Defining the economic scope for ecosystem-based fishery management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 116(10):4188-4183. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1816545116. (link )

Kroetz, K., J. N. Sanchirico, E. Galarza Contreras, D. Corderi Novoa, N. Collado and E. W. Swiedler. 2019. Examination of the Peruvian Anchovy Individual Vessel Quota (IVQ) system. Marine Policy 101(Mar):15-24. DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.11.008. (link )

Kroetz, K., J. Shih, J. V. Siikamaki, V. Marianov, A. Krupnick and Z. Chu. 2019. Systematically incorporating environmental objectives into shale gas pipeline development: A binary integer, multiobjective spatial optimization model. Environmental Science & Technology 53(12):7155-7162. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b01583. (link )


Addicott, E. T., K. Kroetz, M. N. Reimer, J. N. Sanchirico, D. K. Lew and J. Huetteman. 2018. Identifying the potential for cross-fishery spillovers: A network analysis of Alaskan permitting patterns. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 76(1):56-68. DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2017-0550. (link )


Kroetz, K., J. N. Sanchirico, J. Peña-Torres and D. Corderi Novoa. 2017. Evaluation of the Chilean jack mackeral ITQ system. Marine Resource Economics 32(1):217-241. DOI: 10.1086/690771. (link )


Beaudrot, L., K. Kroetz, P. Alvarez-Loayra, T. Breuer, C. Fletcher, P. A. Jansen, D. Kenfack, M. G. Moreira Lima, A. R. Marshall, E. H. Martin, M. Ndoundou-Hockemba, T. G. O'Brien, J. C. Razafimahaimodison, H. Romero-Saltos, F. Rovero, C. H. Roy, D. Sheil, C. E. Silva, W. R. Spironello, R. Valencia, A. Zvoleff, J. A. Ahumada and S. Andelman. 2016. Limited carbon and biodiversity co benefits for tropical forest mammals and birds. Ecological Applications 26(4):1098-1111. DOI: 10.1890/15-0935. (link )

Kroetz, K., J. N. Sanchirico and D. K. Lew. 2016. Efficiency costs of social objectives in tradable permit programs. Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economics 2(3):339-366. DOI: 10.1086/681646. (link )


Kroetz, K. and J. N. Sanchirico. 2015. The bioeconomics of spatial-dynamic systems in natural resource management. Annual Review of Resource Economics 7:189-207. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-resource-083110-120047. (link )


Kroetz, K., J. N. Sanchirico, P. R. Armsworth and H. S. Banzhaf. 2014. Benefits of the ballot box for species conservation. Ecology Letters 17(3):294-302. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12230. (link )


Kroetz, K. and A. J. Friedland. 2008. Comparing costs and emissions of northern New England space heating fuel options. Biomass and Bioenergy 32(12):1359-1366. DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.04.003. (link )

Book Chapters


Fuller, K., D. Kling, K. Kroetz, N. Ross and J. N. Sanchirico. 2013. Economics and ecology of open-access fisheries. Pp. 39-49 In: Shogren, J. F. ed., Encyclopedia of Energy, Natural Resource, and Environmental Economics. Elsevier. ISBN: 978-0-12-375067-9.



Kroetz, K., C. J. Donlan, C. Cole, J. A. Gephart and P. Lee. 2018. Examining Seafood Fraud Through the Lens of Production and Trade: How Much Mislabeled Seafood do Consumers Buy?. Resources for the Future. (link )


Sanchirico, J. N. and K. Kroetz. 2010. Economic Insights into the Costs of Design Restrictions in ITQ Programs. Resources for the Future. (link )


Breetz, H. L., K. Fisher-Vanden, L. Garzon, H. Jacobs, K. Kroetz and R. Terry. 2004. Water Quality Trading and Offset Initiatives in the U.S.: A Comprehensive Survey. Dartmouth College. (link )

Report Chapters


Kroetz, K. 2019. Fishery catch shares and leakage of impacts. Pp. 23-26 In: Costello, C. ed., Distributional Effects of Environmental Markets: Insights and Solutions from Economics. Property and Environment Research Center. PERC Policy Bozeman, MT. (link )