## Survey 200 long term study of multiple sites in central Arizona-Phoenix: pollen

*Publication date:*2002

### Author(s):

- Glenn Stuart, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University
- Diane Hope, Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University
- Cynthia Grace Diaz, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University

### Abstract:

The Ecological Survey of Central Arizona (ESCA) is an extensive field survey and integrated inventory designed to capture key ecological indicators of the CAP LTER study area consisting of the urbanized, suburbanized, and agricultural areas of metropolitan Phoenix, and the surrounding Sonoran desert. The survey is conducted every five years at approximately 200 sample plots (30m x 30m) that were located randomly using a tessellation-stratified dual-density sampling design. Study plots cover habitats throughout the CAP LTER study area ranging from native Sonoran desert sites to residential yards to an airport tarmac. Measurements include an inventory of all plants (identified to the lowest possible taxonomic unit, typically species), plant biovolume, soil coring for physicochemical properties, arthropod sweep-net sampling, photo documentation, and a visual survey of site and area characteristics. The objectives of the survey are to (1) characterize patches in terms of key biotic, physical, and chemical variables, and (2) examine relationships among land use, general plant diversity, native plant diversity, plant biovolume, soil nutrient status, and social-economic indices along an indirect urban gradient.

A pilot survey was conducted in 1999, and the first full ESCA was conducted in 2000. The maiden survey in 2000 featured a suite of measurements, including quantifying pollen in soil samples, that were not assessed in later surveys. The data set here includes a subset of information from the Survey200/ESCA focusing exclusively on pollen counts in soils collected from the survey plots.

Survey 200 was the original name of the project, and it was renamed to ESCA following the survey conducted in 2015. Investigators interested in more recent survey data, or other variables measured as part of ESCA should search the data catalog for 'ecological survey of central arizona' or 'survey 200'.

### Keywords:

### Temporal Coverage:

2000-02-03 to 2000-05-17### Geographic Coverage:

Geographic Description: CAP LTER study areaBounding Coordinates:

Longitude:-112.783 to -111.579

Latitude:33.8267 to 33.2186

### Contact:

Information Manager,Global Institute of Sustainability,Arizona State University,POB 875402,Tempe

caplter.data@asu.edu

### Methods used in producing this dataset: Show

### Data Files (1) :

#### Tabular: 27_pollen_1.csv

*Description: *Pollen counts by species for each plot

Column | Description | Type | Units |
---|---|---|---|

samp_date | Date the sample was taken |
datetime |
Format: YYYY-MM-DD |

visit_id | visit id, encypted date of visit
MMDDYYYY |
string | |

site_id | Unique letters and numbers used to identify the sites used
int this study |
string | |

Abies | Amount of Abies pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Picea | Amount of Picea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Pinus | Amount of Pinus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TCT (Total Conifer Taxa) | Total amount of conifer taxa pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

CUPRESSACEAE | Amount of Cupressaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Alnus | Amount of Alnus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

ARACEAE | Amount of Araceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Washingtonia | Amount of Washingronia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Cycas | Amount of cycas pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Brachychiton | Amount of brachychiton pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Bursera | Amount of Bursera pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Callistemon | Amount of Callistemon pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Carissa | Amount of Carissa pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Carya | Amount of Carya pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

CarpinusOstrya | Amount of Carpinus Ostrya pollen at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Celtis | Amount of celtis pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Citrus | Amount of citrus pollen at each site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Corylus | Amount of corylus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

EucalyptusMyrtus | Amount of eucalyptus myrtus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

FABACEAE | Amount of fabaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Acacia | Amount of acacia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Bauhinia | Amount of Bauhinia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Cassia | Amount of cassia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Caesalpinia | Amount of caesalpinia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Calliandra | Amount of calliandra pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Dalbergia | Amount of dalbergia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Dalea | Amount of dalea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Lotus | Amount of lotus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Mimosa | Amount of mimosa pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Marina | Amount of marina pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Olneya | Amount of olneya pollen found in each
sample |
decimal | dimensionless |

Parkinsonia | Amount of parkinsonia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Pithecellobium | Amount of pithecellobium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Prosopis | Amount of prosopis pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Fraxinus | Amount of fraxinus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Hibiscus | Amount of hibiscus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Jacaranda | Amount of jacaranda pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Juglans | Amount of juglans pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Larrea | Amount of larrea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Ligustrum | Amount of ligustrum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Melia | Amount of melia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Myoporum | Amount of myoporum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Morus | Amount of morus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Nerium | Amount of Nerium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

NYCTAGINACEAE | Amount of nyctaginaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Bougainvillea | Amount of bougainvillea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

OleaJasminum | Amount of olea jasminum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Pittosporum | Amount of pittosporum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Punica | Amount of punica pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Populus | Amount of populus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Pistacia | Amount of pistacia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Quercus | Amount of quercus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

ROSACEAE | Amount of rosaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Prunus | Amount of prunus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Pyracantha | Amount of pyracantha pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Rosa | Amount of rosa pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Rhamnus | Amount of rhamnus pollen at each site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Rhus | Amount of rhus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Schinus | Amount of schinus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Salix | Amount of salix pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Sarcobatus | Amount of sarcobatus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Tamarix | Amount of tamarix pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Tecoma | Amound of tecoma pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Ulmus | Amount of ulmus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Vitex | Amount of vitex pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Xylosma | Amount of xylosma found at each site |
decimal | dimensionless |

EuonymusType | Amount of euonymus type pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Gardenia | Amount of gardenia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Lantana | Amount of lantana pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Leucophyllum | Amount of leucohyllum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Ribes | Amount of ribes pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Salazaria | amount of salazaria pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

SOLANACEAE | Amount of solanaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Lycium | Amount of lycium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TotalTreeShrubs | Total count of tree shrubs |
decimal | dimensionless |

Krameria | Amount of krameria pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

HighSpineAsteraceae | Amount of high spine asteraceae |
decimal | dimensionless |

LowSpineAsteraceae | Amount of low spine asteraceae pollen |
decimal | dimensionless |

AmbrosiaType | Amount of ambrosia type pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Liguliflorae | Amount of liguliflorea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

ChenoAm | Amount of Chenopodium and Ambrosia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

EphedraN | amount of ephedra N pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

EphedraT | Amount of ephedra T pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Eriogonum | Amount of erigonum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

LILIACEAE | Amount of liliaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Asparagus | Amount of asparagus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Plumbago | Amount of plumbago pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Rosmarinus | Amount of rosmarinus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Sphaeralcea | Amount of sphaeralcea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Tidestromia | Amount of tidestromia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Vinca | Amount of vinca pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TotalShrubSubshrub | Total shrub sub-shrubs pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Simmondsia | Amount of simmondsia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

AGAVACEAE | Amount of agavaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Yucca | Amount of yucca pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Aloe | Amount of Aloe pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Hesperaloe | Amount of hesper aloe pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

CACTACEAE | Amount of cactaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Carnegia | Amount of carnegia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Echinocereus | Amount of echinocereus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Echinocactus | Amount of echinocactus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Ferocactus | Amount of ferocactus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Opuntia | Amount of opuntia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Cylindropuntia | Amount of cylindropuntia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Platyopuntia | Amount of platyopuntia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Fouquieria | Amount of fouquieria pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Holacantha | Amount of holacatha pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TotalXerophyte | Amount of total xerphyte pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Acalypha | Amount of acalypha pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

APIACEAE | Amount of apiaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

CRUCIFERAE | Amount of cruciferae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Erodium | Amount of erodium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

EUPHORBIACEAE | Amount of euphorbiaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

ONAGRACEAE | Amount of onagraceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Galium | Amount of galium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

JusticiaType | Amount of justicia-type pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

LAMIACEAE | Amount of lamiaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Ruellia | Amount of ruellia pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Rumex | Amount of rumex pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Taraxacum | Amount of taraxacum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Urtica | Amount of urtica pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Verbena | Amount of verbena pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TotalHerbForb | Total herb pollen found at each site |
decimal | dimensionless |

CYPERACEAE | Amount of cyperaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

POACEAEsmall | Amount of small poaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

POACEAlarge | Amount of large poaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Cucurbita | Amount of cucurbita pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Gossypium | Amount of gossypium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Plantago | Amount of plantago pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Phaseolus | Amount of phaseolus pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Physalis | Amount of physalis pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Solanum | Amount of solanum pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Zea | Amount of zea pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

MALVACEAE | Amount of malvaceae pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TotalCropGarden | Total amount of crop and garden pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Unknown1 | Amount of unidentifiable pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

NID | Amount of NID pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

Lycopodium | Amount of lycopodium pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

TOTAL | Total amount of pollen found at each
site |
decimal | dimensionless |

VolumeCubiccm | Volume of soil subsample in which the pollen were
counted |
decimal | cubicCentimetersPerCubicCentimeters |

LycopodiumAdded | Total amount of lycopodium pollen added to the
sample |
decimal | dimensionless |