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Andrew Smith

Andrew Smith

Emeritus Professor, School of Life Sciences, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University
PO Box 874501
Tempe, AZ 85287-4501


  • Distinguished Sustainability Fellow, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory
  • Emeritus Professor, School of Life Sciences, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Guest Professor, College of Life Sciences/Center for Landscape Ecology and Sustainability Science, Beijing Normal University


Andrew Smith is a conservation biologist whose work includes the behavioral ecology of mammals, effects of habitat fragmentation, and ecosystem services provided by small mammals. He primarily works in the mountains of western United States and on the Tibetan plateau. His research focuses on the pika, a small relative of rabbits.

Professor Smith is involved in global conservation issues and served as Chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Lagomorph Specialist Group from 1991 - 2020. He has also served as an advisor to the Chinese government on issues concerning biodiversity. His “A Guide to the Mammals of China” is the first comprehensive treatment of the 556 mammal species found in China. The American Society of Mammalogists chose Smith as the recipient of its 2015 Aldo Leopold Conservation Award.

When an active faculty member he taught mammalogy; conservation of biodiversity; conservation in practice; and field techniques in conservation biology and ecology.


  • PhD, Biology, University of California-Los Angeles, 1973
  • AB, Zoology, University of California-Berkeley, 1968


Journal Articles


Millar, C. I. and A. T. Smith. 2022. Return of the pika: American pikas re-occupy long-extirpated, warm locations. Ecology and Evolution 12(9):e9295. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.9295. (link )

Niu, K., J. Suonan, . Badingqiuying, A. T. Smith and M. J. Lechowicz. 2022. Embedding trait-based ecology within indigenous knowledge to advance sustainable management of Tibetan rangeland. Applied Vegetation Science 25(4):e12687. DOI: 10.1111/avsc.12687. (link )

Senko, J. F., K. M. Burgher, M. del Mar Mancha-Cisneros, B. J. Godley, I. Kinan-Kelly, T. Fox, F. Humber, V. Koch, A. T. Smith and B. P. Wallace. 2022. Global patterns of illegal marine turtle exploitation. Global Change Biology 28(22):6509-6523. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.16378. (link )

Smith, A. T. and F. S. Dobson. 2022. Social complexity in plateau pikas, Ochotona curzoniae. Animal Behaviour 184(Feb):27-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2021.11.014. (link )


Brown, D. E., A. T. Smith, J. K. Frey and B. R. Schweiger. 2020. A review of the ongoing decline of the white-tailed jackrabbit. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 11(1):341-352. DOI: 10.3996/042019-JFWM-026. (link )

Smith, A. T. 2020. Conservation status of American pikas (Ochotona princeps). Journal of Mammalogy 101(6):1466-1588. DOI: 10.1093/jmammal/gyaa110. (link )


McGowan, P. J., L. Mair, A. Symes, J. R. Westrip, H. Wheatley, S. Brook, J. Burton, S. King, W. McShea, P. D. Moehlman, A. T. Smith, J. C. Wheeler and S. H. Butchart. 2019. Tracking trends in the extinction risk of wild relatives of domesticated species to assess progress against global biodiversity targets. Conservation Letters 12(1):e12588. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12588. (link )

Paruchuri, S., A. T. Smith, Z. Fan and F. S. Dobson. 2019. Microhabitat use by plateau pikas: living on the edge. Journal of Mammalogy 100(4):1221-1228. DOI: 10.1093/jmammal/gyz085. (link )

Smith, A. T., . Badingqiuying, M. C. Wilson and B. W. Hogan. 2019. Functional-trait ecology of the plateau pika Ochotona curzoniae in the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau ecosystem. Intergrative Zoology 14(1):87-103. DOI: 10.1111/1749-4877.12300. (link )

Smith, A. T. and C. I. Millar. 2019. American pika (Ochotona princeps population survival in winters with low or no snowpack. Western North American Naturalist 7(2):126-132. DOI: 10.3398/064.078.0203. (link )


Badingqiuying, , A. T. Smith and R. B. Harris. 2018. Summer habitat use of plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) in response to winter livestock grazing in the alpine steppe Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Arctic, Antarctic. amd Alpine Research 50(1):e1447190. DOI: 10.1080/15230430.2018.1447190. (link )

Brown, D. E., G. L. Beatty, J. E. Brown and A. T. Smith. 2018. History, status, and population trends of cottontail rabbits and jackrabbits in the western United States. Western Wildlife 5:16-42. (link )

Millar, C. I., D. L. Delany, K. A. Hersey, M. R. Jeffress, A. T. Smith, K. J. Van Gunst and R. D. Westfall. 2018. Distribution, climatic relationships, and status of American pikas (Ochotona princeps) in the Great Basin, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 50(1):e1436296. DOI: 10.1080/15230430.2018.1436296. (link )

White, E. R. and A. T. Smith. 2018. The role of spatial structure in the collapse of regional metapopulations. Ecology 99(12):2815-2822. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2546. (link )


Wilson, M. C., X. Li, Y. Ma, A. T. Smith and J. Wu. 2017. A revew of the economic, social, and environmental impacts of China's South-North Water Transfer Project: A sustainability perspective. Sustainability 9(5):1489. DOI: 10.3390/su9081489. (link )


Fontanesi, L., F. Di Palma, P. Flicek, A. T. Smith, C. Thulin, P. C. Alves and . Lagmorphs Genomics Consortium. 2016. LaGomiCs -- Lagomorph Genomics Consortium: An international effort for sequencing the genomes of an entire mammalian order. Journal of Heredity 107(4):295-308. DOI: 10.1093/jhered/esw010. (link )

Harris, R. B., L. H. Samberg, E. T. Yeh, A. T. Smith, W. Wenying, W. Junbang, . Gaerrang and D. J. Bedunah. 2016. Rangeland responses to pastoralists' grazing management on a Tibetan steppe grassland, Qinghai Province, China. The Rangeland Journal 38(1):1-15. DOI: 10.1071/RJ15040. (link )

Ma, Y., X. Li, M. Wilson, X. Wu, A. Smith and J. Wu. 2016. Water loss by evaporation from China's South-North Water Transfer Project. Ecological Engineering 95(Oct):206-215. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.06.086. (link )

Qiuying, B., A. T. Smith, J. F. Senko and M. U. Siladan. 2016. Plateau pika Ochotona curzoniae poisoning campaign reduces carnivore abundance in southern Qinghai, China. Mammal Study 41(1):1-8. DOI: 10.3106/041.041.0102. (link )

Smith, A. T., J. D. Nagy and C. I. Millar. 2016. Behavioral ecology of American pikas (Ochotona princeps) at Mono Craters, California: Living on the edge. Western North American Naturalist 76(4):459-484. DOI: 10.3398/064.076.0408. (link )


Harris, R. B., W. Wenying, . Badinqiuying, A. T. Smith and D. J. Bedunah. 2015. Herbivory and competition of Tibetan steppe vegetation in winter pasture: Effects of livestock exclosure and plateau pika reduction. PLOS One 10(7):e0132897. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132897. (link )

Li, W. and A. Smith. 2015. In search of the illusive and iconic Ili pika (Ochotona iliensis). Mountain Views 9(1):21-27. (link )

Smith, A. T. and J. D. Nagy. 2015. Population resilience in an American pika (Ochotona princeps) metapopulation. Journal of Mammalogy 96(2):394-404. DOI: 10.1093/jmammal/gyv040. (link )

Wilson, M. C. and A. T. Smith. 2015. The pika and the watershed: The impact of small mammal poisoning on the ecohydrology of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. AMBIO 44(1):16-22. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-014-0568-x. (link )


Kessler, A. E., N. Batbayar, T. Natsagdon, D. Batsuur and A. T. Smith. 2013. Satellite telemetry reveals long-distance migration in the Asian great bustard Otis tarda dybowskii. Journal of Avian Biology 44(4):311-320. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-048X.2013.00072.x. (link )


Boyle, S. A., C. E. Zartman, W. R. Spironello and A. T. Smith. 2012. Implications of habitat fragmentation on the diet of bearded saki monkeys in central Amazonian forest. Journal of Mammalogy 93(4):959-976. DOI: 10.1644/11-MAMM-A-286.1. (link )

Ge, D., A. A. Lissovsky, L. Xia, C. Cheng, A. T. Smith and Q. Yang. 2012. Reevaluation of several taxa of Chinese lagomorphs (Mammalia: Lagomorpha) described on the basis of pelage phenotype variation. Mammalian Biology 77(2):113-123. DOI: 10.1016/j.mambio.2011.09.009. (link )


Delibes-Mateos, M., A. T. Smith, C. N. Slobodchikoff and J. E. Swenson. 2011. The paradox of keystone species persecuted as pests: A call for the conservation of abundant small mammals in their native range. Biological Conservation 144(5):1336-1346. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2011.02.012. (link )

Tian, Y., J. Wu, X. Kuo, T. Wang, A. T. Smith and J. Ge. 2011. Methods and applications of population viability analysis (PVA): A review. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology 22(1):257-267 [in Chinese, English abstract].

Tian, Y., J. Wu, A. T. Smith, T. Wang, X. Kuo and J. Ge. 2011. Population viability of the Siberian tiger in a changing landscape: Going, going and gone?. Ecological Modelling 222(17):3166-3180. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.06.003. (link )


Boyle, S. A. and A. T. Smith. 2010. Behavioral modifications in northern bearded saki monkeys (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes) in forest fragments of central Amazonia. Primates 51(1):43-51. DOI: 10.1007/s10329-009-0169-7. (link )

Boyle, S. A. and A. T. Smith. 2010. Can landscape and species characteristics predict primate presence in forest fragments in the Brazilian Amazon?. Biological Conservation 143(5):1134-1143. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.02.008. (link )

Hafner, D. J. and A. T. Smith. 2010. Revision of the subspecies of the American pika, Ochotona princeps (Lagomorpha: Ochotonidae). Journal of Mammalogy 91(2):401-417. DOI: 10.1644/09-MAMM-A-277.1. (link )

Harris, R. B., D. J. Bedunah, E. T. Yeh, A. T. Smith and J. M. Anderies. 2010. Determinants of rangeland dynamics on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, China: livestock, wildlife, and pastoralism. Pastoralism: Research, Policy, and Practice 1:325-326.

Hoffmann, M., C. Hilton-Taylor, A. Angulo, M. Bohm, T. M. Brooks, S. H. Butchart, K. E. Carpenter, J. S. Chanson, B. Collen, N. A. Cox, W. R. Darwall, N. K. Dulvy, L. R. Harrison, V. Katariya, C. M. Pollock, S. Quader, N. L. Richman, A. S. Rodrigues, M. F. Tognelli, J. Vie, J. M. Aguiar, D. J. Allen, G. R. Allen, G. Amori, N. B. Ananjeva, F. Andreone, P. Andrew, A. L. Aquino Ortiz, J. E. Baillie, R. Baldi, B. D. Bell, S. D. Biju, J. P. Bird, P. Black-Decima, J. J. Blanc, F. Bolanos, W. Bolivar-G, I. J. Burfield, J. A. Burton, D. R. Capper, F. Castro, G. Catullo, R. D. Cavanagh, A. Channing, N. Labbish Chao, A. M. Chenery, F. Chiozza, V. Clausnitzer, N. J. Collar, L. C. Collett, B. B. Collette, C. F. Cortez Fernandez, M. T. Craig, M. J. Crosby, N. Cumberlidge, A. Cuttelod, A. E. Derocher, A. C. Diesmos, J. S. Donaldson, J. W. Duckworth, G. Dutson, S. K. Dutta, R. H. Emslie, A. Farjon, S. Fowler, J. Freyhof, D. L. Garshelis, J. Gerlach, D. J. Gower, T. D. Grant, G. A. Hammerson, R. B. Harris, L. R. Heaney, S. B. Hedges, J. Hero, B. Hughes, S. A. Hussain, J. I. M, R. F. Inger, N. Ishii, D. T. Iskandar, R. K. Jenkins, Y. Kaneko, M. Kottelat, K. M. Kovacs, S. L. Kuzmin, E. la Marca, J. F. Lamoreux, M. W. Lau, E. O. Lavilla, K. Leus, R. L. Lewison, G. Lichtenstein, S. R. Livingstone, V. Lukoschek, D. P. Mallon, P. J. McGowan, A. McIvor, P. D. Moehlman, S. Molur, A. Munoz Alonso, J. A. Musick, K. Nowell, R. A. Nussbaum, W. Olech, N. L. Orlov, T. J. Papenfuss, G. Parra-Olea, W. F. Perrin, B. A. Polidoro, M. Pourkazemi, P. A. Racey, J. S. Ragle, M. Ram, G. Rathbun, R. P. Reynolds, A. G. Rhodin, S. J. Richards, L. O. Rodriguez, S. R. Ron, C. Rondinini, A. B. Rylands, Y. Sadovy de Mitcheson, J. C. Sanciangco, K. L. Sanders, G. Santos-Barrera, J. Schipper, C. Self-Sullivan, Y. Shi, A. Shoemaker, F. T. Short, C. Sillero-Zubiri, D. L. Silvano, K. G. Smith, A. T. Smith, J. Snoeks, A. J. Stattersfield, A. J. Symes, A. B. Taber, B. K. Talukdar, H. J. Temple, R. Timmins, J. A. Tobias, K. Tsytsulina, D. Tweddle, C. Ubeda, S. V. Valenti, P. P. van Dijk, L. M. Veiga, A. Veloso, D. C. Wege, M. Wilkinson, E. A. Williamson, F. Xie, B. E. Young, H. R. Akcakaya, L. Bennum, T. M. Blackburn, L. Boitani, H. T. Dublin, G. A. de Fonseca, C. Gascon, T. E. Lacher Jr, G. M. Mace, S. A. Mainka, J. A. McNeely, R. A. Mittermeier, G. McGregor Reid, J. P. Rodriguez, A. A. Rosenberg, M. J. Samways, J. Smart, B. A. Stein and S. N. Stuart. 2010. The impact of conservation on the status of the world's vertebrates. Science 330(6010):1503-1509. DOI: 10.1126/science.1194442. (link )


Schipper, J., J. S. Chanson, F. Chiozza, N. A. Cox, M. Hoffmann, V. Katariya, J. F. Lamoreux, A. S. Rodrigues, S. N. Stuart, H. J. Temple, J. E. Baillie, L. Boitani, T. E. Lacher Jr, R. A. Mittermeier, A. T. Smith, D. Absolon, J. M. Aguiar, G. Amori, N. Bakkour, R. Baldi, R. J. Berridge, J. Bielby, P. A. Black, J. J. Blanc, T. M. Brooks, J. A. Burton, T. M. Butynski, G. Catulio, R. Chapman, Z. Cokeliss, B. Collen, J. Conroy, J. G. Cooke, G. A. da Fonseca, A. E. Derocher, H. T. Dublin, J. W. Duckworth, L. Emmons, R. H. Emslie, M. Festa-Bianchet, M. Foster, S. Foster, D. L. Garshelis, C. Gates, M. Gimenez-Dixon, S. Gonzalez, J. F. Gonzalez-Maya, T. C. Good, G. A. Hammerson, P. S. Hammond, D. Happold, M. Happold, J. Hare, R. B. Harris, C. E. Hawkins, M. Haywood, L. R. Heaney, S. Hedges, K. M. Helgen, C. Hilton-Taylor, S. Ainul Hussain, N. Ishii, T. A. Jefferson, R. K. Jenkins, C. H. Johnston, M. Keith, J. Kingdon, D. H. Knox, K. M. Kovacs, P. Langhammer, K. Leus, R. L. Lewison, G. Lichtenstein, L. F. Lowry, Z. Macavoy, G. M. Mace, D. P. Mallon, M. Masi, M. W. McKnight, R. A. Medellin, P. Medici, G. Mills, P. D. Moehlman, S. Molur, A. Mora, K. Nowell, J. F. Oates, W. Olech, W. R. Oliver, M. Oprea, B. D. Patterson, W. F. Perrin, B. A. Polidoro, C. M. Pollock, A. Powel, Y. Protas, P. A. Racey, J. Ragle, P. Ramani, G. Rathbun, R. R. Reeves, S. B. Reilly, J. E. Reynolds III, C. Rondinini, R. G. Rosell-Ambal, M. Rulli, A. B. Rylands, S. Savini, C. J. Schank, W. Sechrest, C. Self-Sullivan, A. Shoemaker, C. Sillero-Zubiri, N. De Silva, D. E. Smith, C. Srinivasulu, P. J. Stephenson, N. van Strien, B. K. Talukdar, B. L. Taylor, R. Timmins, D. G. Tirira, M. F. Tognelli, K. Tsytsulina, L. M. Veiga, J. Vie, E. A. Williamson, S. A. Wyatt, Y. Xie and B. E. Young. 2008. The status of the world's land and marine mammals: Diversity, threat, and knowledge. Science 322(5899):225-230. DOI: 10.1126/science.1165115. (link )



Smith, A. T., H. Smith and R. Alexander. 2022. Magnificent Majestic Mono Lake. Publih Authority. ISBN: 978-1954000308.


Smith, H., A. T. Smith and R. Alexander. 2019. The Astonishing, Astounding, Amazing Sonoran Desert. Dockside Sailing Press. ISBN: 978-0578544472.


Smith, A. T., C. H. Johnston, P. C. Alves and K. Hacklander eds. 2018. Lagomorphs: Pikas, Rabbits, and Hares of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore, MD. ISBN: 9781421423401.


Smith, A. T. and Y. Xie eds. 2013. Mammals of China. Princeton University Press. ISBN: 9780691154275.


Smith, A. T. ed. 2009. Lagomorphs [English translation of Russian text: V. E. Sokolov, E. Yu, Ivanitskyay, V. V. Gruzdev, and V. G. Heptner. 1994. Lagomorphs. Nauka, Moscow]. Smithsonian Institution LIbraries. Washington, D.C.

Smith, A. T. and Y. Xie eds. 2009. A Guide to the Mammals of China [revised edition, in Chinese]. Hunan Education Publishing House. Changsha, Hunan, China.


Smith, A. T. and Y. Xie eds. 2008. A Guide to the Mammals of China. Princeton University Press. ISBN: 9780691099842.

Book Chapters


Smith, A. T. 2018. Conservation of lagomorphs. In: Smith, A. T., C. H. Johnston, P. C. Alves and K. Hacklander eds., Lagomorphs: Pikas, Rabbits, and Hares of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore MD. ISBN: 9781421423401.

Smith, A. T. 2018. Introduction. In: Smith, A. T., C. H. Johnston, P. C. Alves and K. Hacklander eds., Lagomorphs: Pikas, Rabbits, and Hares of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN: 9781421423401.


Lacher Jr, T. E., W. J. Murphy, R. Rogan, A. T. Smith and N. S. Upham. 2016. Evolution, phylogeny, ecology and conservation of the clade Glires: Lagomorpha and Rodentia. Pp. 15-26 In: Wilson, D. E., T. E. Lacher Jr and R. A. Mittermeier eds., Handbook of the Mammals of the World: Lagomorphs and Rodents I. Vol 6. Lynx Edicions. Barcelona, Spain. ISBN: 978-84-941892-3-4.


Boyle, S. A., A. T. Smith, W. R. Spironello and C. E. Zartman. 2013. The behavioural ecology of northern bearded sakis (Chiropotes satanas chiropotes) living in forest fragments of central Brazilian Amazonia. Pp. 255-261 In: Veiga, L. M., A. A. Barnett, S. F. Ferrari and M. A. Norconk eds., Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Titis, Sakis and Uacaris. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Reid, D. G., D. Berteaux, K. L. Laidre, A. A. , R. Angliss, E. W. Born, P. Boveng, D. Cluff, D. Ehrich, S. H. Ferguson, J. Garlich-Miller, G. Gauthier, A. Gunn, K. M. Kovacs, N. Lecomte, L. F. Lowry, P. McLoughlin, D. Litovka, S. Moore, K. Mustonen, T. Mustonen, L. Nguyen, E. Peacock, K. Poole, L. Quakenbush, D. Russell, N. M. Schmidt, B. Sheftel, M. Simpkins, B. Sittler, B. Slough, A. T. Smith, F. Ugarte, D. Vongraven and O. Wiig. 2013. Mammals. Pp. 78-141 In: Meltofte, H. ed., Arctic Biodiversity Assessment: Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Arctic Council. ISBN: 978-9935-431-22-6. (link )