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James Elser

James Elser

Director, Sustainable Phosphorus Alliance

School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University
PO Box 874501
Tempe, AZ 85287-4501


  • Distinguished Global Futures Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory
  • Director, Sustainable Phosphorus Alliance
  • Research Professor, School of Life Sciences, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Berman Professor and Director, Flathead Lake Biological Station, University of Montana
  • Affiliated Faculty, Center for Biodiversity Outcomes, Global Institute of Sustainability and Innovation


Dr. Elser's research involves the integrative field of biological stoichiometry, the study of balance of energy and multiple chemical elements in living systems. While this work is primarily ecological in focus and includes studies of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and biota, the approach uses an evolutionary perspective to integrate levels of organization from the molecule and cell to the ecosystem. Most recently, his work on nutrient limitation has led him to focus on the emerging and complex problem of phosphorus sustainability in the human food system. He now serves as the director of ASU’s Sustainable Phosphorus Alliance.

Dr. Elser has received numerous awards for his innovative research and teaching, including ASU Founder’s Day Research Achievement Award for Sustainability Research (2012), ASU Professor of the Year (2009), election in 2008 as a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS), and selection in 2012 for the G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award of the Association for the Sciences of Limnology & Oceanography (ASLO). During 2012 - 2018, Dr Elser served as President-elect, President, and Past-President of ASLO.


  • PhD, Ecology, University of California-Davis, 1990
  • MS, Ecology, University of Tennessee, 1983
  • BS, Biology, summa cum laude, University of Notre Dame, 1981


External Links

Journal Articles


Branco, P., M. Egas, J. J. Elser and J. Huisman. 2018. Eco-evolutionary dynamics of ecological stoichiometry in plankton communities. The American Naturalist 192(1):E1-E20. DOI: 10.1086/697472. (link )

Moody, E. K., E. W. Carson, J. R. Corman, H. Espinosa-Perez, J. Ramos, J. L. Sabo and J. J. Elser. 2018. Consumption explains intraspecific variation in nutrient recycling stoichiometry in a desert fish. Ecology 99(7):1552-1561. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2372. (link )

Niu, D., X. Yuan, A. J. Cease, H. Wen, C. Zhang, H. Fu and J. J. Elser. 2018. The impact of nitrogen enrichment on grassland ecosystem stability depends on nitrogen addition level. Science of The Total Environment 618(Mar):1529-1538. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.318. (link )

Niu, D., X. Yuan, A. J. Cease, H. Wen, C. Zhang, H. Fu and J. J. Elser. 2018. The impact of nitrogen enrichment on grassland ecosystem stability depends on nitrogen addition level. Science of the Total Environment 618(Mar):1529-1538. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.09.318. (link )

Rivas-Ubach, A., A. T. Poret-Peterson, J. Penuelas, J. Sardans, M. Perez-Trujillo, C. Legido-Quigley, M. Oravec, O. Urban and J. J. Elser. 2018. Coping with iron limitation: A metabolomic study of Synechocystis spp. PCC 6803. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 40:Art. 28. DOI: 10.1007/s11738-018-2603-1. (link )

Zhang, C., D. Niu, M. Song, J. J. Elser, J. G. Okie and H. Fu. 2018. Effects of rainfall manipulations on carbon exchange of cyanobacteria and moss-dominated biological soil crusts. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 124(Sep):24-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2018.05.021. (link )


Barnes, M. E., J. Elser and S. E. Brownell. 2017. Impacts of a short evolution module on students' perceived conflict between religion and evolution. The American Biology Teacher 79(2):104-111. DOI: 10.1525/abt.2017.79.2.104. (link )

Cease, A. J., J. F. Harrison, S. Hao, D. C. Niren, G. Zhang, L. Kang and J. J. Elser. 2017. Nutritional imbalance suppresses migratory phenotypes of the Mongolian locust (Oedaleus asiaticus). Royal Society Open Science 4:161039. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.161039. (link )

Currier, C. M. and J. J. Elser. 2017. Beyond monoculture stoichiometry studies: assessing growth, respiration, and feeding responses of three Daphnia species to P-enriched, low C:P lake seston. Inland Waters 7(3):348-357. DOI: 10.1080/20442041.2017.1319180. (link )

Guignard, M. S., A. R. Leitch, C. Acquisti, C. Eizaguirre, J. J. Elser, D. O. Hessen, P. D. Jeysingh, M. Neiman, A. E. Richardson, P. S. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, C. J. Stevens, M. Trimmer, L. J. Weider, G. Woodward and I. J. Leitch. 2017. Impacts of nitrogen and phosphorus" From genomes to natural ecosystems and agriculture. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 5:70. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2017.00070. (link )

Lee, Z. M., A. T. Poret-Peterson, J. L. Siefert, D. Kaul, A. Moustafa, A. E. Allen, C. L. Dupont, L. E. Eguiarte, V. Souza and J. J. Elser. 2017. Nutrient stoichiometry shapes microbial community structure in an evaporitic shallow pond. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:949. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.00949. (link )

Ren, Z., H. Gao and J. J. Elser. 2017. Longitudinal variation of microbial communities in benthic biofilms and association with hydrological and physicochemical conditions in glacier-fed streams. Freshwater Science 36(3):479-490. DOI: 10.1086/693133. (link )

Ren, Z., H. Gao, J. J. Elser and Q. Zhao. 2017. Microbial functional genes elucidate environmental drivers of biofilm metabolism in glacier-fed streams. Scientific Reports 7(Art. 12668):. DOI: :10.1038/s41598-017-13086-9. (link )

Ren, Z., F. Wang, X. Qu, J. J. Elser, Y. Liu and L. Chu. 2017. Taxonomic and functional differences between microbial communities in Qinghai Lake and its input stream. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:2319. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02319. (link )

Zhang, J. and J. J. Elser. 2017. Carbon:Nitrogen:Phosphorus stoichiometry in fungi: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Microbiology 8:1281. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01281. (link )


Cease, A. J., M. Fay, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2016. Dietary phosphate affects food selection, post-ingestive P fate, and performance of a polyphagous herbivore. Journal of Experimental Biology 219(1):64-72. DOI: 10.1242/jeb.126847. (link )

Chen, D., Q. Pan, Y. Bai, S. Hu, J. Huang, Q. Wang, S. Naeem, J. J. Elser, J. Wu and X. Han. 2016. Effects of plant functional group loss on soil biota and net ecosystem exchange: A plant removal experiment in the Mongolian grassland. Journal of Ecology 104(3):734-743. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12541. (link )

Corman, J. R., E. K. Moody and J. J. Elser. 2016. Calcium carbonate deposition drives nutrient cycling in a calcareous headwater stream. Ecological Monographs 86(4):448-461. DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1229 . (link )

Corman, J. R., A. T. Poret-Peterson, A. Uchitel and J. J. Elser. 2016. Interaction between lithification and resource availability in the microbialites of Río Mesquites, Cuatro Ciénegas, México. Geobiology 14(2):176-189. DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12168. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. Kyle, J. K. Learned, M. L. McCrackin, A. L. Peace and L. Steger. 2016. Life on the stoichiometric knife-edge: Effects of high and low food C:P ratio on growth, feeding, and respiration in multiple Daphnia species. Inland Waters 6(2):136-146. DOI: 10.5268/IW-6.2.908. (link )

Liu, X., H. Sheng, S. Jiang, Z. Yuan, C. Zhang and J. J. Elser. 2016. Intensification of phosphorus cycling in China since the 1600s. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113(10):2609-2614. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1519554113. (link )

Modenutti, B. E., E. G. Balseiro, M. A. Bastidas Navarro, Z. M. Lee, M. S. Souza, J. R. Corman and J. J. Elser. 2016. Effects of volcanic pumice inputs on microbial community composition and dissolved C/P ratios in lake waters: An experimental approach. Microbial Ecology 71(1):18-28. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-015-0707-3. (link )

Neveu, M., A. T. Poret-Peterson, A. D. Anbar and J. J. Elser. 2016. Ordinary stoichiometry of extraordinary microorganisms. Geobiology 14(1):33-53. DOI: 10.1111/gbi.12153 . (link )

Powers, S. M., T. W. Bruulsema, T. Burt, N. I. Chan, J. J. Elser, P. M. Haygarth, N. J. Howden, H. P. Jarvie, H. M. Peterson, A. N. Sharpley, J. Shen, F. Worrall and F. Zhang. 2016. Long-term accumulation and transport of anthropogenic phosphorus in three river basins. Nature Geoscience 9:353-356. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2693. (link )

Tapia-Torres, Y., M. D. Rodriguez-Torres, J. J. Elser, A. Islas, V. Souza, F. Garcia-Oliva and G. Olmedo-Alvarez. 2016. How to live with phosphorus scarcity in soil and sediment: Lessons from bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82(15):4652-4662. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.00160-16.

Valdivia-Anistro, J. A., L. E. Eguiarte-Fruns, G. Delgado-Sapien, P. Marquez-Zacarias, J. Gasca-Pineda, J. K. Learned, J. J. Elser, G. Olmedo-Alvarez and V. Souza. 2016. Variability of rRNA operon copy number and growth rate dynamics of Bacillus isolated from an extremely oligotrophic aquatic ecosystem.. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:Art. 1486. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01486. (link )

Yan, Z., W. Han, J. Penuelas, J. J. Elser, E. Du, P. B. Reich and J. Fang. 2016. Phosphorus accumulates faster than nitrogen globally in freshwater ecosystems under anthropogenic impacts. Ecology Letters 19(10):1237-1246. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12658 . (link )

Zhu, J., Q. Wang, N. He, M. D. Smith, J. J. Elser, J. Du, G. Yuan, G. Yu and Q. Yu. 2016. Imbalanced atmospheric nitrogen and phosphorus depositions in China: Implications for nutrient limitation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 121(6):1605-1616. DOI: 10.1002/2016JG003393. (link )


Alijani, M. K., H. Wang and J. J. Elser. 2015. Modeling the bacterial contribution to planktonic community respiration in the regulation of solar energy and nutrient availability. Ecological Complexity 23(Sep):25-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecocom.2015.05.002. (link )

Bracken, M. E., H. Hillebrand, E. T. Borer, E. W. Seabloom, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, J. T. Ngai and J. E. Smith. 2015. Signatures of nutrient limitation and co‐limitation: responses of autotroph internal nutrient concentrations to nitrogen and phosphorus additions. Oikos 124(2):113-121. DOI: 10.1111/oik.01215. (link )

Cease, A. J., J. J. Elser, E. P. Fenichel, J. C. Hadrich, J. F. Harrison and B. E. Robinson. 2015. Living with locusts: Connecting soil nitrogen, locust outbreaks, livelihoods, and livestock markets. BioScience 65(6):551-558. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biv048. (link )

Corman, J. R., E. Carlson, M. Dix, N. Giron, A. Roegner, S. Chandra, J. J. Elser and E. Rejmankova. 2015. Nutrient dynamics and phytoplankton resource limitation in a deep tropical mountain lake. Inland Waters 5(4):371-386. DOI: 10.5268/IW-5.4.843. (link )

Deng, Q., D. Hui, Y. Luo, J. Elser, Y. Wang, I. Loladze and Q. Zhang. 2015. Down‐regulation of tissue N:P ratios in terrestrial plants by elevated CO2. Ecology 96(12):3354-3362. DOI: 10.1890/15-0217.1 . (link )

Elser, J. J., M. Bastidas Navarro, J. R. Corman, H. Emick, M. Kellom, C. Laspoumaderes, Z. M. Lee, A. T. Poret-Peterson, E. Balseiro and B. Modenutti. 2015. Community structure and biogeochemical impacts of microbial life on floating pumice. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 81(5):1542-1549. DOI: 10.1128/AEM.03160-14. (link )

Goloran, J. B., C. Cheng, I. R. Phillips and J. J. Elser. 2015. Shifts in leaf N:P stoichiometry during rehabilitation in highly alkaline bauxite processing residue sand. Scientific Reports 5:Art. 14811. DOI: 10.1038/srep14811. (link )

Laspoumaderes, C., B. Modenutti, J. J. Elser and E. Balseiro. 2015. Does the stoichiometric carbon:phosphorus knife edge apply for predaceous copepods?. Oecologia 178(2):557-569. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-014-3155-8. (link )

Lee, Z. M., L. Steger, J. R. Corman, M. Neveu, A. T. Poret-Peterson, V. Souza and J. J. Elser. 2015. Response of a stoichiometrically imbalanced ecosystem to manipulation of nutrient supplies and ratios. PLoS One 10(4):e0123949. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0123949. (link )

Luo, W., J. J. Elser, X. Lu, Z. Wang, E. Bai, C. Yan, C. Wang, M. Li, N. E. Zimmermann, X. Han, Z. Xu, H. Li and Y. Jiang. 2015. Plant nutrients do not covary with soil nutrients under changing climatic conditions. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29:1298-1308. DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005089. (link )

Moody, E. K., J. R. Corman, J. J. Elser and J. L. Sabo. 2015. Dietary composition affects the rate of N:P ratio of fish excretion. Freshwater Biology 60(3):456-465. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12500. (link )

Nie, Y., Z. Zhang, D. Raubenheimer, J. J. Elser, W. Wei and F. Wei. 2015. Obligate herbivory in an ancestrally carnivorous lineage: the giant panda and bamboo from the perspective of nutritional geometry. Functional Ecology 29(1):26-34. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12302 . (link )

Ponce-Soto, G. Y., E. Aguirre-von-Wobeser, L. E. Eguiarte, J. J. Elser, Z. M. Lee and V. Souza. 2015. Enrichment experiment changes microbial interactions in an ultra-oligotrophic environment. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:Art. 246. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00246. (link )

Tapia-Torres, Y., J. J. Elser, V. Souza and F. Garcia-Oliva. 2015. Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry at the extremes: How microbes cope in an ultra-oligotrophic soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 87(Aug):34-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.04.007. (link )

Withers, P. J., J. J. Elser, J. Hilton, H. Ohtake, W. J. Schipper and K. C. van Dijk. 2015. Greening the global phosphorus cycle: How green chemistry can help achieve planetary P sustainability. Green Chemistry 17(4):2087-2099. DOI: 10.1039/C4GC02445A. (link )

Wu, J., S. Naeem, J. Elser, Y. Bai, J. Huang, L. Kang, Q. Pan, Q. Wang, S. Hao and X. Han. 2015. Testing biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship in the world’s largest grassland: Overview of the IMGRE project. Landscape Ecology 30(9):1723-=1736. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-015-0155-y. (link )


Elser, J. J., T. J. Elser, S. R. Carpenter and W. A. Brock. 2014. Regime shift in fertilizer commodities indicates more turbulence ahead for food security. PLoS ONE 9(5):e93998e. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093998. (link )

Haygarth, P. M., H. P. Jarvie, S. M. Powers, A. N. Sharpley, J. J. Elser, J. Shen, H. M. Peterson, N. I. Chan, N. J. Howden, T. Burt, F. Worrall, F. Zhang and X. Liu. 2014. Sustainable phosphorus management and the need for a long-term perspective: The legacy hypothesis. Environmental Science & Technology 48(15):8417-8419. DOI: 10.1021/es502852s. (link )

Metson, G. S., V. H. Smith, D. J. Cordell, D. A. Vaccari, J. J. Elser and E. M. Bennett. 2014. Phosphorus is a key component of the resource demands for meat, eggs, and dairy production in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111(46):E4906-E4907. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1417759111. (link )

Neveu, M., A. T. Poret-Peterson, Z. M. Lee, A. D. Anbar and J. J. Elser. 2014. Prokaryotic cells separated from sediments are suitable for elemental composition analysis. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 12:519-529. DOI: 10.4319/lom.2014.12.519. (link )

Toberman, H., C. Chen, T. Lewis and J. J. Elser. 2014. High‐frequency fire alters C : N : P stoichiometry in forest litter. Global Change Biology 20(7):2321-2331. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12432 . (link )

van de Waal, D., V. H. Smith, S. A. Declerck, E. C. Stam and J. J. Elser. 2014. Stoichiometric regulation of phytoplankton toxins. Ecology Letters 17(6):736-742. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12280 . (link )

Zhang, C., D. Niu, S. J. Hall, H. Wen, X. Li, H. Fu, C. Wan and J. J. Elser. 2014. Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on soil respiration components and their temperature sensitivities in a semiarid grassland. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 75(Aug):113-123. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.04.013. (link )

Zhang, Z., J. J. Elser, A. J. Cease, X. Zhang, Q. Yu and X. Han. 2014. Grasshoppers regulate N:P stoichiometric homeostasis by changing phosphorus contents in their frass. PLOS One 9(8):e103697. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103697. (link )


Borer, E. T., M. E. Bracken, E. W. Seabloom, J. E. Smith, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, W. F. Fagan, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, A. J. Kerkhoff and J. T. Ngai. 2013. Global biogeography of autotroph chemistry: Is insolation a driving force?. Oikos 122(8):1121-1130. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2013.00465.x. (link )

Cease, A. J. and J. J. Elser. 2013. Biological stoichiometry. Nature Education Knowledge 4(5):3. (link )

De Senerpont Domis, L. N., J. J. Elser, A. S. Gsell, V. L. Huszar, B. W. Ibelings, E. Jeppesen, S. Kosten, W. M. Mooij, F. Roland, U. Sommer, E. Van Donk, M. Winder and M. Lürling. 2013. Plankton dynamics under different climatic conditions in space and time. Freshwater Biology 58(3):463-482. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12053. (link )

Gilbert, J. D., C. Acquisti, H. M. Martinson, J. J. Elser, S. Kumar and W. F. Fagan. 2013. GRASP [Genomic Resource Access for Stoichioproteomics]: Comparative explorations of the atomic content of 12 Drosophila proteomes. BMC Genomics 14:Art 599. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-14-599. (link )

Hessen, D. O., J. J. Elser, R. W. Sterner and J. Urabe. 2013. Ecological stoichiometry: An elementary approach using basic principles. Limnology and Oceanography 58(6):2219-2236. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.6.2219 . (link )

Modenutti, B. E., E. G. Balseiro, J. J. Elser, M. Bastidas Navarro, F. Cuassolo, C. Laspoumaderes, M. S. Souza and V. Diaz Villanueva. 2013. Effect of volcanic eruption on nutrients, light, and phytoplankton in oligotrophic lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 58(4):1165-1175. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2013.58.4.1165. (link )

Peace, A. L., Y. Zhao, J. J. Elser and Y. Kuang. 2013. A stoichiometric producer-grazer model incorporating the effects of excess food-nutrient content on consumer dynamics. Mathematical Biosciences 244(2):107-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.mbs.2013.04.011. (link )

Zhang, X., W. Liu, M. Schloter, G. Zhang, Q. Chen, J. Huang, L. Li, J. J. Elser and X. Han. 2013. Response of the abundance of key soil microbial nitrogen-cycling genes to multi-factorial global changes. PLoS ONE 8(10):e76500. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0076500. (link )


Cease, A. J., J. J. Elser, C. F. Ford, S. Hao, L. Kang and J. F. Harrison. 2012. Heavy livestock grazing promotes locust outbreaks by lowering plant nitrogen content. Science 335(6067):467-469. DOI: 10.1126/science.1214433 . (link )

Elser, J. J. 2012. Phosphorus: Limiting nutrient for humanity?. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 23(6):833-838. DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2012.03.001. (link )

Elser, J. J., I. Loladze, A. L. Peace and Y. Kuang. 2012. Lotka re-loaded: Modeling trophic interactions under stoichiometric constraints. Ecological Modelling 245(2012):3-11. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.02.006. (link )

Gaxiola, R. A., C. A. Sanchez, J. Paez-Valencia, B. G. Ayre and J. J. Elser. 2012. Genetic manipulation of a "vacuolar" H+-PPase: From salt tolerance to yield enhancement under phosphorus-deficient soils. Plant Physiology 159(1):3-11. DOI: 10.1104/pp.112.195701. (link )

McCrackin, M. L. and J. J. Elser. 2012. Denitrification kinetics and denitrifier abundances in sediments of lakes receiving atmospheric nitrogen deposition (Colorado, USA). Biogeochemistry 108(1-3):39-54. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-011-9571-5. (link )

Metson, G. S., E. M. Bennett and J. J. Elser. 2012. The role of diet in phosphorus demand. Environmental Research Letters 7(4):044043. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044043. (link )

Sommer, U., R. Adrian, L. N. De Senerpont Domis, J. J. Elser, U. Gaedke, B. W. Ibelings, E. Jeppesen, M. Lürling, J. C. Molinero, W. M. Mooij, E. Van Donk and M. Winder. 2012. Beyond the Plankton Ecology Group (PEG) Model: Mechanisms driving plankton succession. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 43:429-448. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-110411-160251. (link )

Souza, V., L. E. Eguiarte, M. Travisano, J. J. Elser, C. Rooks and J. L. Siefert. 2012. Travel, sex, and food: what's speciation got to do with it?. Astrobiology 12(7):634-640. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2011.0768. (link )

Souza, V., J. L. Siefert, A. E. Escalante, J. J. Elser and L. E. Eguiarte. 2012. The Cuatro Ciénegas Basin in Coahuila, Mexico: An astrobiological Precambrian Park. Astrobiology 12(7):64. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2011.0675. (link )

Swenson, N. G., B. J. Enquist, J. Pither, A. J. Kerkhoff, B. Boyle, M. D. Weiser, J. J. Elser, W. F. Fagan, J. Forero-Montaña, N. Fyllas, N. J. Kraft, J. K. Lake, A. T. Moles, S. T. Patiño, O. L. Phillips, C. A. Price, P. B. Reich, C. A. Quesada, J. C. Stegen, R. Valencia, I. J. Wright, S. J. Wright, S. Andelman, P. M. Jørgensen, T. E. Lacher Jr, A. Monteagudo, M. P. Nuñez-Vargas, R. Vasquez-Martinez and K. M. Nolting. 2012. The biogeography and filtering of woody plant functional diversity in North and South America. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21(8):798-808. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00727.x. (link )

Wang, H., R. W. Sterner and J. J. Elser. 2012. On the “strict homeostasis” assumption in ecological stoichiometry. Ecological Modelling 243(2012):81-88. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.06.003. (link )

Yu, Q., H. Wu, N. He, X. Lu, Z. Wang, J. J. Elser, J. Wu and X. Han. 2012. Testing the growth rate hypothesis in vascular plants with above- and below-ground biomass. PLOS One 7(3):e32162. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032162. (link )


Childers, D. L., J. R. Corman, M. R. Edwards and J. J. Elser. 2011. Sustainability challenges of phosphorus and food: Solutions from closing the human phosphorus cycle. BioScience 61(2):117-124. DOI: (link )

Elser, J. J. 2011. A world awash with nitrogen. Science 334(6062):1504-1505. DOI: 10.1126/science.1215567. (link )

Elser, J. J., C. Acquisti and S. Kumar. 2011. Stoichiogenomics: The evolutionary ecology of macromolecular elemental composition. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26(1):38-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.10.006. (link )

Elser, J. and E. M. Bennett. 2011. A broken biogeochemical cycle. Nature 478(06 October 2011):29-31. DOI: 10.1038/478029a. (link )

Gaxiola, R. A., M. R. Edwards and J. J. Elser. 2011. A transgenic approach to enhance phosphorus use efficiency in crops as part of a comprehensive strategy for sustainable agriculture. Chemosphere 84(6):840-845. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.01.062. (link )

Harpole, W. S., J. T. Ngai, E. E. Cleland, E. W. Seabloom, E. T. Borer, M. E. Bracken, J. J. Elser, D. S. Gruner, H. Hillebrand, J. B. Shurin and J. E. Smith. 2011. Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities. Ecology Letters 14(2011):852-862. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01651.x. (link )

Kattge, J., S. Diaz, S. Lavorel, I. C. Prentice, P. Leadley, G. Bonisch, E. Garnier, M. Westoby, P. B. Reich, I. J. Wright, J. H. Cornelissen, C. Violle, S. P. Harrison, P. M. van Bodegom, M. Reichstein, B. J. Enquist, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, D. D. Ackerly, M. Anand, O. Atkin, M. Bahn, T. R. Baker, D. Baldocchi, R. Bekker, C. C. Blanco, B. Blonder, W. J. Bond, R. Bradstock, D. E. Bunker, F. Casanoves, J. Cavender-Bares, J. Q. Chambers, F. S. Chapin III, J. Chave, D. Coomes, W. K. Cornwell, J. M. Craine, B. H. Dobrin, L. Duarte, W. Durka, J. J. Elser, G. Esser, M. Estiarte, W. F. Fagan, J. Fang, F. Fernandez-Mendez, A. Fidelis, B. Finegan, O. Flores, H. Ford, D. Frank, G. T. Freschet, N. M. Fyllas, R. V. Gallagher, W. A. Green, A. G. Gutierrez, T. Hickler, S. I. Higgins, J. G. Hodgson, A. Jalili, S. Jansen, C. A. Joly, A. J. Kerkhoff, D. Kirkup, K. Kitajima, M. Kleyer, S. Klotz, J. M. Knops, K. Kramer, I. Kuhn, H. Kurokawa, D. Laughlin, T. D. Lee, M. Leishman, F. Lens, T. Lenz, S. L. Lewis, J. Lloyd, J. Llusia, F. Louault, S. Ma, M. D. Mahecha, P. Manning, T. Massad, B. E. Medlyn, J. Messier, A. T. Moles, S. C. Muller, K. Nadrowski, S. Naeem, U. Niinemet, S. Nollert, A. Nuske, R. Ogaya, J. Oleksyn, V. G. Onipchenko, Y. Onoda, J. Ordonez, C. Overbeck, W. A. Ozinga, S. Patino, S. Paula, J. G. Pausas, J. Penuelas, O. L. Phillips, V. Pillar, H. Poorter, L. Poorter, P. Poschlod, A. Prinzing, R. Proulx, A. Rammig, S. Reinsch, B. Reu, L. Sack, B. Salgado-Negret, J. Sardans, S. Shiodera, B. Shipley, A. Siefert, E. Sosinski, J. Soussana, E. Swaine, N. Swenson, K. Thompson, P. Thornton, M. Waldram, E. Weiher, M. White, S. White, S. J. Wright, B. Yguel, S. Zaehle, A. E. Zanne and C. Wirth. 2011. TRY - a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02451.x. (link )

Loladze, I. and J. J. Elser. 2011. The origins of the Redfield nitrogen-to-phosphorus ratio are in a homeostatic protein-to-rRNA ratio. Ecology Letters 14(3):244-250. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01577.x. (link )

McCrackin, M. L. and J. J. Elser. 2011. Greenhouse gas dynamics in lakes receiving atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 25(4):GB4005. DOI: 10.1029/2010GB003897. (link )

Niu, D., S. J. Hall, H. Fu, J. Kang, Y. Qin and J. J. Elser. 2011. Grazing exclusion alters ecosystem carbon pools in Alxa desert steppe. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 54(3):127-142. DOI: 10.1080/00288233.2011.576683. (link )

Wojewodzic, M. W., M. Kyle, J. J. Elser, D. O. Hessen and T. Andersen. 2011. Joint effect of phosphorus limitation and temperature on alkaline phosphatase activity and somatic growth in Daphnia magna. Oecologica 165(4):838-846. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1863-2. (link )

Yu, Q., J. J. Elser, N. He, H. Wu, Q. Chen, G. Zhang and X. Han. 2011. Stoichiometric homeostasis of vascular plants in the Inner Mongolia grassland. Oecologia 166(1):1-10. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1902-z. (link )

Zhang, G., X. Han and J. J. Elser. 2011. Rapid top-down regulation of plant C:N:P stoichiometry by grasshoppers in an Inner Mongolia grassland ecosystem. Oecologia 166(1):253-264. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-011-1904-5. (link )


Cease, A. J., S. Hao, L. Kang, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2010. Are color or high rearing density related to migratory polyphenism in the band-winged grasshopper, Oedaleus asiaticus?. Journal of Insect Physiology 56(8):926-936. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.05.020. (link )

Elser, J. J., W. F. Fagan, A. J. Kerkhoff, N. G. Swenson and B. J. Enquist. 2010. Biological stoichiometry of plant production: Metabolism, scaling and ecological response to global change. New Phytologist 186(3):593-608. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03214.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., A. L. Peace, M. Kyle, M. Wojewodzic, M. L. McCrackin, T. Andersen and D. O. Hessen. 2010. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition is associated with elevated phosphorus limitation of lake zooplankton. Ecology Letters 13(10):1256-1261. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01519.x. (link )

Glass, J. B., F. Wolfe-Simon, J. J. Elser and A. D. Anbar. 2010. Molybdenum–nitrogen co-limitation in freshwater and coastal heterocystous cyanobacteria. Limnology and Oceanography 55(2):667-676. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2010.55.2.0667. (link )

McCrackin, M. L. and J. J. Elser. 2010. Atmospheric nitrogen deposition influences denitrification and nitrous oxide production in lakes. Ecology 91(2):528-539. DOI: 10.1890/08-2210.1. (link )

Reich, P. B., J. Oleksyn, I. J. Wright, K. J. Niklas, L. Hedin and J. J. Elser. 2010. Evidence of a general 2/3-power law of scaling leaf nitrogen to phosphorus among major plant groups and biomes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277(1683):877-883. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.1818. (link )

Urabe, J., S. Naeem, D. Raubenheimer and J. J. Elser. 2010. The evolution of biological stoichiometry under global change. Oikos 119(5):737-740. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.18596.x. (link )

Yu, Q., Q. Chen, J. J. Elser, N. He, H. Wu, G. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Bai and X. Han. 2010. Linking stoichiometric homeostasis with ecosystem structure, functioning, and stability.. Ecology Letters 13(11):1390-1399. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01532.x. (link )


Acquisti, C., J. J. Elser and S. Kumar. 2009. Ecological nitrogen limitation shapes the DNA composition of plant genomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 26(5):953-956. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msp038. (link )

Acquisti, C., S. Kumar and J. J. Elser. 2009. Signatures of nitrogen limitation in the elemental composition of the proteins involved in the metabolic apparatus. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276(1667):2605-2610. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1960 . (link )

Carpenter, S. R., E. V. Armbrust, P. W. Arzberger, F. S. Chapin III, J. J. Elser, E. J. Hackett, P. M. Kareiva, M. A. Leibold, P. Lundberg, M. Mangel, N. Merchant, W. W. Murdoch, M. A. Palmer, D. P. Peters, S. T. Pickett, K. K. Smith, D. H. Wall and A. S. Zimmerman. 2009. Accelerate synthesis in ecology and environmental sciences. BioScience 59(8):699-701. (link )

Elser, J. J., T. Andersen, J. S. Baron, A. Bergström, M. Jansson, M. Kyle, K. R. Nydick, L. Steger and D. O. Hessen. 2009. Shifts in lake N:P stoichiometry and nutrient limitation driven by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science 326(5954):835-837. DOI: 10.1126/science.1176199 . (link )

Elser, J. J., M. Kyle, L. Steger, K. R. Nydick and J. S. Baron. 2009. Nutrient availability and phytoplankton nutrient limitation across a gradient of atmospheric nitrogen deposition.. Ecology 90(11):3062-3073. DOI: 10.1890/08-1742.1. (link )

Hillebrand, H., E. T. Borer, M. E. Bracken, B. J. Cardinale, J. Cebrian, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, J. T. Ngai, S. A. Sandin, E. W. Seabloom, J. B. Shurin, J. E. Smith and M. D. Smith. 2009. Herbivore metabolism and stoichiometry each constrain herbivory at different organizational scales across ecosystems. Ecology Letters 12(6):516-527. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01304.x. (link )

Muldar, C. and J. J. Elser. 2009. Soil acidity, ecological stoichiometry and allometric scaling in grassland food webs. Global Change Biology 15(11):2730-2738. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01899.x. (link )

Wang, H., K. Dunning, J. J. Elser and Y. Kuang. 2009. Daphnia species invasion, competitive exclusion, and chaotic coexistence. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B 12(2):481-493. DOI: 10.3934/dcdsb.2009.12.481. (link )


Carson, E. W., J. J. Elser and T. E. Dowling. 2008. Importance of exogenous selection in a fish hybrid zone: Insights from reciprocal transplant experiments. Copiea 2008(4):794-800. DOI: 10.1643/CP-06-292. (link )

Gruner, D. S., J. E. Smith, E. W. Seabloom, S. A. Sandin, J. T. Ngai, H. Hillebrand, W. S. Harpole, J. J. Elser, E. E. Cleland, M. E. Bracken, E. T. Borer and B. M. Bolker. 2008. A cross-system synthesis of consumer and nutrient resource control on producer biomass. Ecology Letters 11(7):740-755. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2008.01192.x. (link )

Hessen, D. O., M. Ventura and J. J. Elser. 2008. Do phosphorus requirements for RNA limit genome size in crustacean zooplankton? . Genome 51(9):685-691. DOI: 10.1139/G08-053. (link )

Souza, V., L. E. Eguiarte, J. Siefert and J. J. Elser. 2008. Microbial endemism: Does phosphorus limitation enhance speciation?. Nature Reviews Microbiology 6:559-564. DOI: 10.1038/nrmicro1917. (link )

Sterner, R. W., T. Andersen, J. J. Elser, D. O. Hessen, J. M. Hood, E. McCauley and J. Urabe. 2008. Scale-dependent carbon: Nitrogen:phosphorus seston stoichiometry in marine and freshwaters. LImnology and Oceanography 52(3):1169-1180. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2008.53.3.1169. (link )


Clasen, J. L. and J. J. Elser. 2007. The effect of host Chlorella NC64a carbon:phosphorus ratio on production of Paramecium Chlorella virus-1. Freshwater Biology 52(1):112-122. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01677.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. E. Bracken, E. E. Cleland, D. S. Gruner, W. S. Harpole, H. Hillebrand, J. T. Ngai, E. W. Seabloom, J. B. Shurin and J. E. Smith. 2007. Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary production in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 10(12):1135-1142. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01113.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. M. Kyle, M. S. Smith and J. D. Nagy. 2007. Biological stoichiometry in human cancer. PLoS ONE 2(10):e1028. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001028. (link )

Hessen, D. O., T. C. Jensen, M. Kyle and J. J. Elser. 2007. RNA responses to N- and P-limitation: reciprocal regulation of stoichiometry and growth rate in Brachionus. Functional Ecology 21(5):956-962. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01306.x . (link )

Hillebrand, H., D. S. Gruner, E. T. Borer, M. E. Bracken, E. E. Cleland, J. J. Elser, W. S. Harpole, J. T. Ngai, E. W. Seabloom, J. B. Shurin and J. E. Smith. 2007. Consumer versus resource control of producer diversity depends on ecosystem type and producer community structure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104(56):10904-10909. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0701918104. (link )

Novotny, A. M., J. D. Schade, S. E. Hobbie, A. D. Kay, M. Kyle, P. B. Reich and J. J. Elser. 2007. Stoichiometric response of nitrogen-fixing and non-fixing dicots to manipulations of CO2qjqp, nitrogen, and diversity. Oecologica 151(4):687-696. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-006-0599-5. (link )

Wang, H., H. Smith, Y. Kuang and J. J. Elser. 2007. Dynamics of stoichiometric bacteria-algae interactions in the epilimnion. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics 68(2):503-522. DOI: 10.1137/060665919. (link )


Acharya, K., P. A. Bukaveckas, J. D. Jack, M. Kyle and J. J. Elser. 2006. Consumer growth linked to diet and RNA – P stoichiometry: response of Bosmina to natural and experimental variation in food resources. 51(4):1859-1869. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2006.51.4.1859. (link )

Bertram, S. M., J. D. Schade and J. J. Elser. 2006. Signaling and phosphorus: Correlations between mate signaling effort and body elemental composition in crickets. Animal Behaviour 72(4):899-907. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.02.012. (link )

Boersma, M. and J. J. Elser. 2006. Too much of a good thing: On balanced diets and maximal growth. Ecology 87(5):1325-1330. (link )

Elser, J. J. 2006. Biological stoichiometry: A chemical bridge between ecosystem ecology and evolutionary biology. The American Naturalist 168(56):525-535. DOI: 10.1086/509048. (link )

Elser, J. J., W. F. Fagan, S. Subramanian and S. Kumar. 2006. Signatures of ecological resource availability in the animal and plant proteomes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23(10):1946-1951. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msl068. (link )

Elser, J. J., J. Watts, J. H. Schampel and J. Farmer. 2006. Early Cambrian food-webs on a trophic knife-edge? A hypothesis and preliminary data from a modern stromatolite‐based ecosystem. Ecology Letters 9(3):293-303. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00873.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., T. Watts, B. Bitler and T. A. Markow. 2006. Ontogenetic coupling among growth rate, RNA allocation, and P content in five species of Drosophila. Functional Ecology 20(5):846-856. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2006.01165.x . (link )

Karkhoff, A. J., W. F. Fagan, J. J. Elser and B. J. Enquist. 2006. Phylogenetic and functional variation in the scaling of nitrogen and phosphorus in the seed plants. The American Naturalist 168(4):E103-E122. DOI: 10.1086/507879. (link )

Kyle, M., K. Acharya, L. J. Weider, K. Looper and J. J. Elser. 2006. Coupling of growth rate and body stoichiometry in Daphnia: A role for maintenance processes?. Freshwater Biology 51(11):2087-2095. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2006.01639.x. (link )

Souza, V., L. Espinosa-Asuar, A. E. Escalante, L. E. Eguiarte, J. Farmer, L. Forney, L. Lioret, J. M. Rodriguez-Martinez, X. Soberón, R. Dirzo and J. J. Elser. 2006. An endangered oasis of aquatic microbial biodiversity in the Chihuahuan Desert. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(17):6565-6570. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0601434103. (link )

Watts, T., H. A. Woods, S. Hargand, J. J. Elser and T. A. Markow. 2006. Biological stoichiometry of growth in Drosophila melanogaster. Journal of Insect Physiology 52(2):187-193. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2005.09.012. (link )


Anderson, T. R., D. O. Hessen, J. J. Elser and J. Urabe. 2005. Metabolic stoichiometry and the fate of excess carbon and nutrients in consumers. The American Naturalist 165(1):1-15. DOI: 10.1086/426598. (link )

Elser, J. J., J. H. Schampel, F. Garcia-Pichel, B. D. Wade, V. Souza, L. E. Eguiarte, A. E. Escalante and J. Farmer. 2005. Effects of phosphorus enrichment and grazing snails on lmodern stromatolitic microbial communities. Freshwater Biology 50(11):1808-1825. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2005.01451.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., J. H. Schampel, M. Kyle, J. Watts, E. W. Carson, T. E. Dowling, C. Tang and P. D. Roopnarine. 2005. Response of grazing snails to phosphorus enrichment of modern stromatolitic microbial communities. Freshwater Biology 50(11):1826-1835. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2005.01453.x. (link )

Fan, M., I. Loladze, Y. Kuang and J. J. Elser. 2005. Dynamics of a stoichiometric discrete producer-grazer model. Journal of Difference Equations and Applications 11(4-5):347-364. DOI: 10.1080/10236190412331335427. (link )

Gillooly, J. F., A. P. Allen, J. H. Brown, J. J. Elser, C. Martinez del Rio, V. M. Savage, G. B. West, W. H. Woodruff and H. A. Woods. 2005. The metabolic basis of whole-organism RNA and phosphorus content. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102(33):11923-11927. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0504756102. (link )

Hessen, D. O. and J. J. Elser. 2005. Elements of ecology and evolution. Oikos 109(1):3-5. (link )

Kerkhoff, A. J., B. J. Enquist, J. J. Elser and W. F. Fagan. 2005. Plant allometry, stoichiometry and the temperature-dependence of terrestrial primary production. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14(6):585-598. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-822X.2005.00187.x. (link )

Weider, L. J., J. J. Elser, T. J. Crease, M. Mateos, J. B. Cotner and T. A. Markow. 2005. The functional significance of ribosomal (r)DNA variation: Impacts on the evolutionary ecology of organisms. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 36(Dec):219-242. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152620. (link )

Weider, L. J., W. Makino, K. Acharya, K. L. Glenn, M. Kyle, J. Urabe and J. J. Elser. 2005. Genotype x environment interactions, stoichiometric food quality effects, and clonal coexistence in Daphnia pulex. Oecologia 143(4):537-547. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-005-0003-x. (link )


Acharya, K., M. Kyle and J. J. Elser. 2004. Biological stoichiometry of Daphnia growth: An ecophysiological test of the growth rate hypothesis. Limnology and Oceanography 49(3):656-665. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2004.49.3.0656. (link )

Acharya, K., M. Kyle and J. J. Elser. 2004. Effects of stoichiometric dietary mixing on Daphni a growth and reproduction. Oecologia 138(3):333-340. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1444-8. (link )

Andersen, T., J. J. Elser and D. O. Hessen. 2004. Stoichiometry and population dynamics. Ecology Letters 7(9):884-900. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00646.x. (link )

Hessen, D. O., G. I. Agren, T. R. Anderson, J. J. Elser and P. C. de Ruiter. 2004. Carbon sequestration in ecosystems: The role of stoichiometry. Ecology 85(5):1179-1192. DOI: 10.1890/02-0251. (link )

Kerfoot, W. C., G. G. Mittelbach, N. G. Hairston Jr and J. J. Elser. 2004. Planktonic biodiversity: Scaling up and down. Limnology and Oceanography 49(4[pt. 2]):1225-1228. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2004.49.4_part_2.1225. (link )

Kuang, Y., J. Huisman and J. J. Elser. 2004. Stoichoiometric plant-herbivore models and their interpretation. Mathametical Biosciences & Engineering 1(2):215-222. DOI: 10.3934/mbe.2004.1.215. (link )

Kuang, Y., J. D. Nagy and J. J. Elser. 2004. Biological stoichiometry of tumor dynamics: Mathematical models and analysis. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems Series B 4(1):221-240. DOI: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.221. (link )

Loladze, I., Y. Kuang, J. J. Elser and W. F. Fagan. 2004. Competition and stoichiometry: Coexistence of two predators on one prey. Theoretical Population Biology 65(1):1-15. DOI: 10.1016/S0040-5809(03)00105-9. (link )

Miller, C. R., Y. Kuang, W. F. Fagan and J. J. Elser. 2004. Modeling and analysis of stoichiometric two-patch consumer-resource systems. Mathematical Biosciences 189(2):153-184. DOI: 10.1016/j.mbs.2004.01.004. (link )

Perkins, M. C., H. A. Woods, J. F. Harrison and J. J. Elser. 2004. Dietary phosphorus affects the growth of larval Manduca sexta. Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 55(3):253-168. DOI: 10.1002/arch.10133. (link )

Vrede, T., D. R. Dobberfuhl, S. L. Kooijman and J. J. Elser. 2004. Fundamental connections among organism C:N:P stoichiometry, macromolecular composition, and growth rate. Ecology 85(5):1217-1229. DOI: 10.1890/02-0249 . (link )

Weider, L. J., K. L. Glenn, M. Kyle and J. J. Elser. 2004. Associations among ribosomal (r)DNA intergenic spacer length, growth rate, and C:N:P stoichiometry in the genus Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography 49(4[pt 2]):1417-1423. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2004.49.4_part_2.1417. (link )

Woods, H. A., W. F. Fagan, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2004. Allometric and phylogenetic variation in insect phosphorus content. Functional Ecology 18(1):103-109. (link )


Elser, J. J. 2003. Biological stoichiometry: A theoretical framework connecting ecosystem ecology, evolution, and biochemistry for application in astrobiology. International Journal of Astrobiology 2(3):185-193. DOI: 10.1017/S1473550403001563. (link )

Elser, J. J., K. Acharya, M. Kyle, J. Cotner, W. Makino, T. Markow, T. Watts, S. Hobbie, W. Fagan, J. Schade, J. Hood and R. W. Sterner. 2003. Growth rate-stoichiometry couplings in diverse biota.. Ecology Letters 6(10):936-943. DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00518.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. Kyle, T. Yoshida and J. Urabe. 2003. Ecological stoichiometry in the microbial food web: A test of the light:nutrient hypothesis. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 31:49-65. DOI: 10.3354/ame031049. (link )

Elser, J. J., J. D. Nagy and Y. Kuang. 2003. Biological stoichiometry: An ecological perspective on tumor dynamics. BioScience 53(11):1112-1120. DOI: 10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[1112:BSAEPO]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Frost, P. C., S. E. Tank, M. A. Turner and J. J. Elser. 2003. Elemental composition of littoral invertebrates from oligotrophic and eutrophic Canadian lakes. Freshwater Science 22(1):51-62. DOI: 10.2307/1467977. (link )

Kyle, M., T. Watts, J. Schade and J. J. Elser. 2003. A microfluorometric method for quantifying RNA and DNA in terrestrial insects. Journal of Insect Science 3(1):1-7. DOI: 10.1093/jis/3.1.1. (link )

Makino, W., J. B. Cotner, R. W. Sterner and J. J. Elser. 2003. Are bacteria more like plants or animals? Growth rate and substrate dependence of bacterial C:N:P stoichiometry. Functional Ecology 17(1):121-130. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.2003.00712.x . (link )

Riisgård, H. U., O. Kinne, T. Fenchel, E. Fee, R. Hesslein, J. Elser, M. Scranton, J. Cole, N. G. Hairston Jr, E. Canuel, R. Glud, C. Nielsen, P. Beninger, R. Waagbø, G. I. Hemre, G. Hulata, T. Høisæter, D. McLusky, R. Kneib, S. Shumway, R. Warwick, P. S. Larsen, P. C. Dworschak, F. Boero, J. Gili, K. Philippart and M. Seaman. 2003. Misuse of the peer-review system: Time for countermeasures?. Marine Biology Progress Series 258:297-309. DOI: 10.3354/meps258297. (link )

Schade, J. D., M. Kyle, S. E. Hobbie, W. F. Fagan and J. J. Elser. 2003. Stoichiometric tracking of soil nutrients by a desert insect herbivore. Ecology Letters 6(3):96-101. DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2003.00409.x. (link )

Urabe, J., J. Togari and J. J. Elser. 2003. Stoichiometric impacts of increased carbon dioxide on a planktonic herbivore. Global Change Biology 9(6):818-825. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2486.2003.00634.x. (link )

Woods, H. A., W. Makino, J. B. Cotner, S. E. Hobbie, J. F. Harrison, K. Acharya and J. J. Elser. 2003. Temperature and the chemical composition of poikilothermic organisms. Functional Ecology 17(2):237-245. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.2003.00724.x. (link )

Yoshida, T. and J. J. Elser. 2003. Assessment of 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' forces as determinants of rotifer distribution among lakes in Ontario, Canada. Ecological Research 18(6):639-650. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1703.2003.00596.x. (link )


Dobberfuhl, D. R. and J. J. Elser. 2002. Distribution and potential competitive effects of an exotic zooplankter (Daphnia lumholtzi) in Arizona reservoirs. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science 34(2):89-94. (link )

Elser, J. J., P. C. Frost, M. Kyle, J. Urabe and T. Andersen. 2002. Effects of light and nutrients on plankton stoichiometry and biomass in a P-limited lake. Hydrobiologia 481(1-3):101-112. DOI: 10.1023/A:1021217221004. (link )

Fagan, W. F., E. Siemann, C. Mitter, R. F. Denno, A. F. Huberty, H. A. Woods and J. J. Elser. 2002. Nitrogen in insects: Implications for trophic complexity and species diversification. The American Naturalist 160(6):784-802. DOI: 10.1086/343879. (link )

Frost, P. C. and J. J. Elser. 2002. Effects of light and nutrients on the accumulation and elemental composition of epilithon in boreal lakes. Freshwater Biology 47(2):173-183. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.2002.00796.x. (link )

Frost, P. C. and J. J. Elser. 2002. Growth responses of littoral mayflies to the phosphorus content of their food. Ecology Letters 5(2):232-240. DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00307.x. (link )

Frost, P. C., J. J. Elser and M. A. Turner. 2002. Effects of caddisfly grazers on the elemental composition of epilithon in a boreal lake. Freshwater Science 21(1):54-63. DOI: 10.2307/1468299. (link )

Frost, P. C., R. S. Stelzer, G. A. Lamberti and J. J. Elser. 2002. Ecological stoichiometry of trophic interactions in the benthos: Understanding the role of C:N:P ratios in lentic and lotic habitats. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21(4):515-528. DOI: 10.2307/1468427. (link )

Gorokhova, E., T. E. Dowling, L. J. Weider, T. J. Crease and J. J. Elser. 2002. Functional and ecological significance of rDNA intergenic spacer variation in a clonal organism under divergent selection for production rate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 269(1507): 2373–2379. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2002.2145. (link )

Makino, W., J. Urabe, J. J. Elser and C. Yoshimizu. 2002. Evidence of phosphorus-limited individual and population growth of Daphnia in a Canadian Shield lake. Oikos 96(2):197-205. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2002.960201.x. (link )

Urabe, J., J. J. Elser, M. Kyle, T. Yoshida, T. Sekino and Z. Kawabata. 2002. Herbivorous animals can mitigate unfavourable ratios of energy and material supplies by enhancing nutrient recycling. Ecology Letters 5(2):177-185. DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00303.x. (link )

Urabe, J., M. Kyle, T. Yoshida, T. Andersen and J. J. Elser. 2002. Reduced light increases herbivore production due to stoichiometric effects of light/nutrient balance. Ecology 3(619-627):. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[0619:RLIHPD]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Urabe, J., W. Makino, K. Hayakawa and J. J. Elser. 2002. Food quality determinants for Daphnia growth in P-limited lakes. SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010 28(2):1089-1094. DOI: 10.1080/03680770.2001.11901886. (link )

Woods, H. A., M. C. Perkins, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2002. Absorption and storage of phosphorus by larval Manduca sexta. Journal of Insect Physiology 48(5):555-564. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1910(02)00060-4. (link )

Xenopoulos, M. A., P. C. Frost and J. J. Elser. 2002. Joint effects of ultraviolet radiation and phosphorus supply on phytoplankton growth rate and elemental composition. Ecology 83(2):423-435. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2002)083[0423:JEOURA]2.0.CO;2. (link )


Elser, J. J., L. Gudex, T. Ishikawa and J. Urabe. 2001. Effects of zooplankton on nutrient availability and seston C:N:P stoichiometry in inshore waters of Lake Biwa, Japan. Limnology 2(2):91-100. DOI: 10.1007/s102010170004. (link )

Elser, J. J., K. Hayakawa and J. Urabe. 2001. Nutrient limitation reduces food quality for zooplankton: Daphnia response to seston phosphorus enrichment. Ecology 82(3):898-903. DOI: 10.1890/0012-9658(2001)082[0898:NLRFQF]2.0.CO;2. (link )

Muller, E. B., R. M. Nisbet, S. L. Kooijman, J. J. Elser and E. McCauley. 2001. Stoichiometric food quality and herbivore dynamics. Ecology Letters 4(6):519-529. DOI: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2001.00240.x. (link )


Dobberfuhl, D. R. and J. J. Elser. 2000. Elemental stoichiometry of lower food web components in arctic and temperate lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 22(7):1341-1354. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/22.7.1341. (link )

Dobberfuhl, D. R. and J. J. Elser. 2000. Inferring threshold food quality from first principles: The influence of life history and assimilation of C and P. SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010 27(2):834-838. DOI: 10.1080/03680770.1998.11901355. (link )

Elser, J. J., W. F. Fagan, R. F. Denno, D. R. Dobberfuhl, A. Folarin, A. F. Huberty, S. Interlandi, S. S. Kilham, E. McCauley, K. L. Schulz, E. Siemann and R. W. Sterner. 2000. Nutritional constraints in terrestrial and freshwater food webs. Nature 408(Nov):578-580. (link )

Elser, J. J., J. O'Brien, D. R. Dobberfuhl and T. E. Dowling. 2000. The evolution of ecosystem processes:Growth rate and elemental stoichiometry of a key herbivore in temperate and arctic habitats. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13(5):845-853. DOI: 10.1046/j.1420-9101.2000.00215.x. (link )

Elser, J. J., R. W. Sterner, A. E. Galford, T. H. Chrzanowski, D. L. Findlay, K. H. Mills, M. J. Paterson, M. P. Stainton and D. W. Schindler. 2000. Pelagic C:N:P stoichiometry in a eutrophied lake: Responses to a whole-lake food-web manipulation. Ecosystems 3(3):293-307. DOI: 10.1007/s100210000027. (link )

Elser, J. J., R. W. Sterner, E. Gorokhova, W. F. Fagan, T. A. Markow, J. B. Cotner, J. F. Harrison, S. E. Hobbie, G. M. Odell and L. J. Weider. 2000. Biological stoichiometry from genes to ecosystems. Ecology Letters 3(6):540-550. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2000.00185.x. (link )

Falkowski, P., R. J. Scholes, E. Boyle, J. Canadell, D. Canfield, J. Elser, K. Hibbard, P. Högberg, S. Linder, F. T. Mackenzie, B. Moore III, T. Pedersen, Y. Rosenthal, S. Seitzinger, V. Smetacek and W. Steffen. 2000. The global carbon cycle: A test of our knowledge of Earth as a system. Science 290(5490):291-296. DOI: 10.1126/science.290.5490.291. (link )

Loladze, I., Y. Kuang and J. J. Elser. 2000. Stoichiometry in producer-grazer systems: Linking energy flow and element cycling. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology 62(6):1137-1162. DOI: 10.1006/bulm.2000.0201. (link )

Sterner, R. W., J. H. Schampel, K. L. Schulz, A. E. Galford and J. J. Elser. 2000. Joint variation of zooplankton and seston stoichiometry in lakes and reservoirs. SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010 20(5):3009-3014. DOI: 10.1080/03680770.1998.11898227. (link )


Dobberfuhl, D. R. and J. J. Elser. 1999. Use of dried algae as a food source for zooplankton growth and nutrient release experiments. Journal of Plankton Research 21(5):957-970. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/21.5.957. (link )

Downing, J. A., M. McClain, R. R. Twilley, J. M. Melack, J. Elser, N. N. Rabalais, W. M. Lewis Jr, R. E. Turner, J. Corredor, D. Soto, A. Yanez-Arancibia, I. A. Kopaska and R. W. Howarth. 1999. The impact of accelerating land-use change on the N-cycle of tropical aquatic ecosystems: Current conditions and projected changes. Biogeochemsitry 46(1-3):109-148. DOI: 10.1007/BF01007576. (link )

Elser, J. J. 1999. The pathway to noxious cyanobacteria blooms in lakes: The food web as the final turn. Freshwater Biology 42(3):537-543. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.1999.00471.x. (link )

Elser, J. J. and J. Urabe. 1999. The stoichiometry of consumer-driven nutrient recycling: Theory, observations, and consequences. Ecology 80(3):735-751. DOI: 10.2307/177013. (link )

Jeremiason, J. D., S. J. Eisenreich, M. J. Paterson, K. G. Beaty, R. E. Hecky and J. J. Elser. 1999. Biogeochemical cycling of PCBs in lakes of variable trophic status: A paired-lake experiment. Limnology and Oceanography 44(3[pt 2]):889-902. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1999.44.3_part_2.0889. (link )

Markow, T. A., B. Rafael, D. R. Dobberfuhl, C. M. Breitmeyer, J. J. Elser and E. Pfeiler. 1999. Elemental stoichiometry of Drosophila and their hosts. Functional Ecology 13(1):78-84. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.1999.00285.x. (link )


Elser, J. J., T. H. Chrzanowski, R. W. Sterner and K. H. Mills. 1998. Stoichiometric constraints on food web dynamics: A whole-lake experiment on the Canadian Shield.. Ecosystems 1(1):120-136. DOI: 10.1007/s100219900009. (link )

Elser, J. J. and D. K. Foster. 1998. N:P stoichiometry of sedimentation in lakes of the Canadian shield: Relationships with seston and zooplankton elemental composition. Ecoscience 5(1):56-63. DOI: 10.1080/11956860.1998.11682440. (link )

MacKay, N. A. and J. J. Elser. 1998. Factors potentially preventing trophic cascades: Food quality, invertebrate predation, and their interaction. Limnology and Oceanography 43(2):339-347. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1998.43.2.0339. (link )

MacKay, N. A. and J. J. Elser. 1998. Nutrient recycling by Daphnia reduces N2 fixation by cyanobacteria. Limnology and Oceanography 43(2):347-354. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1998.43.2.0347. (link )

Pfeiler, E., V. A. Lindley and J. J. Elser. 1998. Elemental (C, N and P) analysis of metamorphosing bonefish (Albula sp.) leptocephali: Relationship to catabolism of endogenous organic compounds, tissue remodeling, and feeding ecology. Marine Biology 132(1):21-28. DOI: 10.1007/s002270050368. (link )


Dobberfuhl, D. R., R. Miller and J. J. Elser. 1997. Effects of a cyclopoid copepod (Diacyclops thomasi) on phytoplankton and the microbial food web. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 12:29-37. DOI: 10.3354/ame012029. (link )

Hassett, R. P., B. Cardinale, L. B. Stabler and J. J. Elser. 1997. Ecological stoichiometry of N and P in pelagic ecosystems: Comparison of lakes and oceans with emphasis on the zooplankton‐phytoplankton interaction. Limnology and Oceanography 42(4):648-662. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1997.42.4.0648. (link )

Main, T. M., D. R. Dobberfuhl and J. J. Elser. 1997. N : P stoichiometry and ontogeny of crustacean zooplankton: A test of the growth rate hypothesis. Limnology and Oceanography 42(6):1474-1478. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1997.42.6.1474. (link )

Mueller-Solger, A., M. T. Brett, C. Luecke, J. J. Elser and C. R. Goldman. 1997. The effects of planktivorous fish (golden shiners) on the ciliate community of a mesotrophic lake. Journal of Plankton Research 19(12):1815-1828. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/19.12.1815. (link )

Sterner, R. W., J. J. Elser, E. J. Fee, S. J. Guildford and T. H. Chrzanowski. 1997. The light:nutrient ratio in lakes: The balance of energy and materials affects ecosystem structure and process. The American Midland Naturalist 150(6):663-684. (link )


Chrzanowski, T. H., M. Kyle, J. J. Elser and R. W. Sterner. 1996. Element ratios and growth dynamics of bacteria in an oligotrophic Canadian shield lake. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 11(2):119-125. DOI: 10.3354/ame011119. (link )

Elser, J. J., D. R. Dobberfuhl, N. A. MacKay and J. H. Schampel. 1996. Organism size, life history, and N:P stoichiometry: towards a unified view of cellular and ecosystem processes. BioScience 46(9):674-684. DOI: 10.2307/1312897. (link )

Goldman, C. R., J. J. Elser, R. C. Richards, J. E. Reuters, J. C. Priscu and A. L. Levin. 1996. Thermal stratification, nutrient dynamics, and phytoplankton productivity during the onset of spring phytoplankton growth in Lake Baikal, Russia. Hydrobiologia 331(1-3):9-24. DOI: 10.1007/BF00025403. (link )


Chrzanowski, T. H., R. W. Sterner and J. J. Elser. 1995. Nutrient enrichment and nutrient regeneration stimulate bacterioplankton growth. Microbial Ecology 29(3):221-230. DOI: 10.1007/BF00164886. (link )

Elser, J. J., D. K. Foster and R. E. Hecky. 1995. Effects of zooplankton on sedimentation in pelagic ecosystems: Theory and test in two lakes of the Canadian Shield. Biogeochemistry 30(3):143-170. DOI: 10.1007/BF02186411. (link )

Elser, J. J. and D. L. Frees. 1995. Microconsumer grazing and sources of limiting nutrients for phytoplankton growth: Application and complications of a nutrient deletion/dilution gradient technique. Limnology and Oceanography 40(1):1-16. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1995.40.1.0001. (link )

Elser, J. J., F. S. Lubnow, E. R. Marzolf, M. T. Brett, G. Dion and C. R. Goldman. 1995. Factors associated with interannual and intraannual variation of nutrient limitation of phytoplankton growth in Castle Lake, California. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52(1):93-104. DOI: 10.1139/f95-009. (link )

Elser, J. J., C. Luecke, M. T. Brett and C. R. Goldman. 1995. Effects of food web compensation after manipulation of rainbow trout in an oligotrophic lake. Ecology 76(1):52-69. DOI: 10.2307/1940631. (link )

Elser, J. J., L. B. Stabler and R. P. Hassett. 1995. Nutrient limitation of bacterial growth and rates of bacterivory in lakes and oceans: A comparative study. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 9(2):105-110. DOI: /10.3354/ame009105. (link )

Sterner, R. W., T. H. Chrzanowski, J. J. Elser and N. B. George. 1995. Sources of nitrogen and phosphorus supporting the growth of bacteria and phytoplankton in an oligotrophic Canadian shield lake. Limnology and Oceanography 40(2):242-249. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1995.40.2.0242. (link )


Brett, M. T., K. Wiackowski, F. S. Lubnow, A. Mueller-Solger, J. J. Elser and C. R. Goldman. 1994. Species-dependent effects of zooplankton on planktonic ecosystem processes in Castle Lake, California. Ecology 75(8):2243-2254. DOI: 10.2307/1940880. (link )

Elser, J. J. and R. P. Hassett. 1994. A stoichiometric analysis of the zooplankton -- phytoplankton interaction in marine and freshwater ecosystems.. Nature 370(Jul):211-213. (link )

Elser, J. J., C. Junge and C. R. Goldman. 1994. Population structure and ecological effects of the crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus in Castle Lake, California. The Great Bus Naturalist 54(2):162-169. (link )


Elser, J. J. and N. B. George. 1993. The stoichiometry of N and P in the pelagic zone of Castle Lake, California. Journal of Plankton Research 15(8):977-992. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/15.8.977. (link )


Elser, J. J. 1992. Phytoplankton dynamics and the role of grazers in Castle Lake, California.. Ecology 73(3):887-902. DOI: 10.2307/1940166. (link )

Sterner, R. W., J. J. Elser and D. O. Hessen. 1992. Stoichiometric relationships among producers, consumers, and nutrient cycling in pelagic ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 17(1):49-67. DOI: 10.1007/BF00002759. (link )


Elser, J. J. and C. R. Goldman. 1991. Zooplankton effects on phytoplankton in lakes of contrasting trophic status. Limnology and Oceanography 36(1):64-90. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1991.36.1.0064. (link )


Elser, J. J., H. J. Carney and C. R. Goldman. 1990. The zooplankton-phytoplankton interface in lakes of contrasting trophic status: An experimental comparison. Hydrobiologia 200(1):69-82. DOI: 10.1007/BF02530330. (link )

Elser, J. J. and C. R. Goldman. 1990. Experimental separation of the direct and indirect effects of herbivorous zooplankton on phytoplankton in a subalpine lake. SIL Proceedings, 1922-2010 24(1):493-498. DOI: 10.1080/03680770.1989.11898786. (link )

Elser, J. J., E. R. Marzolf and C. R. Goldman. 1990. Phosphorus and nitrogen limitation of phytoplankton growth in the freshwaters of North America: A review and critique of experimental enrichments. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47(7):1468-1477. DOI: 10.1139/f90-165. (link )


St. Amand, A. L., P. A. Soranno, S. R. Carpenter and J. J. Elser. 1989. Algal nutrient deficiency: Growth bioassays versus physiological indicators. Lake and Reservoir Management 5(1):27-35. DOI: 10.1080/07438148909354678. (link )


Carpenter, S. R., P. R. Leavitt, J. J. Elser and M. M. Elser. 1988. Chlorophyll budgets: Response to food web manipulation. Biogeochemistry 6(2):79-90. DOI: 10.1007/BF00003032. (link )

Elser, J. J. and S. R. Carpenter. 1988. Predation-driven dynamics of zooplankton and phytoplankton in a whole-lake experiment. Oecologia 76(1):148-154. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. M. Elser, N. A. MacKay and S. R. Carpenter. 1988. Zooplankton-mediated transitions between N and P limited algal growth. Limnology and Oceanography 33(1):1-14. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1988.33.1.0001. (link )


Carpenter, S. R., J. F. Kitchell, J. R. Hodgson, P. A. Cochran, J. J. Elser, M. M. Elser, D. M. Lodge, D. Kretchmer, X. He and C. N. von Ende. 1987. Regulation of lake ecosystem primary productivity by food web structure in whole lake experiments. Ecology 68(6):1863-1876. DOI: 10.2307/1939878. (link )

Dini, M. L., J. O'Donnell, S. R. Carpenter, M. M. Elser, J. J. Elser and A. M. Bergquist. 1987. Daphnia size structure, vertical migration, and phosphorus redistribution. Hydrobiologia 150(2):185-191. DOI: 10.1007/BF00006666. (link )


Carpenter, S. R., M. M. Elser and J. J. Elser. 1986. Chlorophyll production, degradation, and sedimentation: Implications for paleolimnology. Limnology and Oceanography 31(1):112-124. DOI: 10.4319/lo.1986.31.1.0112. (link )

Elser, J. J., M. M. Elser and S. R. Carpenter. 1986. Size fractionation of algal chlorophyll, carbon fixation, and phosphatase activity: Relationships with species-specific size distributions and zooplankton community structure. Journal of Plankton Research 8(2):365-383. DOI: 10.1093/plankt/8.2.365. (link )

Elser, J. J. and B. L. Kimmel. 1986. Alteration of phytoplankton phosphorus status during enrichment experiments: Implications for interpreting nutrient enrichment bioassays. Hydrobiologica 133(3):217-222. DOI: 10.1007/BF00005593. (link )

Elser, M. M., J. J. Elser and S. R. Carpenter. 1986. Paul and Peter lakes: A liming experiment revisited. The American Midland Naturalist 116(2):282-295. DOI: 10.2307/2425736. (link )


Elser, J. J. and B. L. Kimmel. 1985. Nutrient availability for phytoplankton production in a multiple-impoundment series. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42(8):1359-1370. DOI: 10.1139/f85-171. (link )

Elser, J. J. and B. L. Kimmel. 1985. Photoinhibition of temperate lake phytoplankton by near-surface irradiance: Evidence from vertical profiles and field experiments. Journal of Phycology 21(3):419-427. DOI: 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1985.00419.x. (link )


Carpenter, S. R., J. J. Elser and K. M. Olson. 1983. Effects of roots of Myriophyllum verticillatum L. on sediment redox conditions. Aquatic Botany 17(3-4):243-349. DOI: 10.1016/0304-3770(83)90060-8. (link )



Wyant, K. A., J. R. Corman and J. J. Elser eds. 2013. Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-991683-2.


Sterner, R. W. and J. J. Elser. 2002. Ecological Stoichiometry: The Biology of Elements from Molecules to the Biosphere. Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ. ISBN: 978-0691074917.

Book Chapters


Elser, J. J., N. I. Chan, J. R. Corman and J. Stolzfus. 2018. Save the P(ee)! The challenges of phosphorus sustainability and emerging solutions. Dietary Phosphorus: Health, Nutrition, and Regulatory Aspects. CRC Press. ISBN: 978-1498706964.


Cherif, M. and J. J. Elser. 2016. Ecological stoichiometry. In: Gibson, D. ed., Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/OBO/9780199830060-0146. ISBN: 9780199830060. (link )


Corman, J. R., K. A. Wyant and J. J. Elser. 2013. Concluding remarks: Synthesis and initial steps toward a sustainable phosphorus future. Pp. 199-212 In: Wyant, K. A., J. R. Corman and J. J. Elser eds., Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future. Oxford University Press. 978-0-19-991683-2.

Elser, J. J., W. M. Roberts and P. M. Haygarth. 2013. The biology and ecology of phosphorus in biota, natural ecosystems, and agroecosystems: P is for phosphorus. Pp. 20-39 In: Wyant, K. A., J. R. Corman and J. J. Elser eds., Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0-19-991683-2.


Elser, J. J. and Y. Kuang. 2012. Ecological stoichiometry. Pp. 718-721 In: Hastings, A. and L. Gross eds., Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA. ISBN: 978-0520269651.


Elser, J. J. 2009. Ecological stoichiometry. Pp. 376-385 In: Levin, S. A. ed., Princeton University Press. Princeton, NJ. ISBN: 978-0-691-12839-9.


Frost, P. and J. J. Elser. 2008. Biological stoichiometry. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. John Wiley & Sons.


Elser, J. J. and D. O. Hessen. 2005. Biosimplicity via stoichiometry: The evolution of food-web structure and processes. Pp. 7-18 In: Belgrano, A., U. M. Scharler, J. A. Dunne and R. E. Ulanowicz eds., Aquatic Food Webs: An Ecosystem Approach. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 978-0198564836.


Agren, G. I., D. O. Hessen, T. R. Anderson, J. J. Elser and P. De Reuter. 2003. Element interactions: Theoretical considerations. Pp. 135-150 In: Melillo, J. M., C. B. Field and B. Moldan eds., Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts. Island Press. Washington, DC. ISBN: 978-1559630665.


Elser, J. J. 2000. Stoichiometric analysis of pelagic ecosystems: The biogeochemistry of planktonic food webs. Pp. 389-400 In: Sala, O. E., R. B. Jackson, H. A. Mooney and R. W. Howarth eds., Methods in Ecosystem Science. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY. ISBN: 978-0-387-98734-7.


Carpenter, S. R., J. A. Morrice, J. J. Elser, A. L. St. Amand and N. A. MacKay. 1996. Phytoplankton community dynamics. Pp. 189-209 In: Carpenter, S. R. and J. F. Kitchell eds., The Trophic Cascade in Lakes. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521566841.

Carpenter, S. R., J. A. Morrice, P. A. Soranno, J. J. Elser, N. A. MacKay and A. L. St. Amand. 1996. Primary production and its interactions with nutrients and light transmission. Pp. 225-251 In: Carpenter, S. R. and J. F. Kitchell eds., The Trophic Cascade in Lakes. Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 978-0521566841.

Sterner, R. W., J. J. Elser, T. H. Chrzanowski, J. H. Schampel and N. B. George. 1996. Biogeochemistry and trophic ecology: A new food web diagram. Pp. 72-80 In: Polis, G. A. and K. O. Winemiller eds., Food Webs: Integration of Patterns & Dynamics. Springer US. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4615-7007-3. ISBN: 978-1-4615-7009-7.


Carney, H. J. and J. J. Elser. 1990. Strength of zooplankton-phytoplankton coupling in relation to lake trophic state. Pp. 615-631 In: Tilzer, M. M. and C. Serruya eds., Large Lakes: Ecological Structure and Function. Springer-Verlag . Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-84077-7. ISBN: 978-3-642-84079-1.



Suchy, A., I. Crandall, E. Sprague, E. E. Shortlidge and J. J. Elser. 2016. Nutrient limitation and carbon dioxide fluxes in urban plakes supplied with groundwater and surface water in Tempe, Arizona. Poster presented at the Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Eighteenth Annual All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Suchy, A., J. J. Elser, S. E. Brownell, N. B. Grimm and E. E. Shortlidge. 2016. Pilot course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) results in student gains and novel urban ecology data. Poster presented at the Central Arizona-Phoenix Long-Term Ecological Research Eighteenth Annual All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, 15 January 2016, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )


Cease, A. J., J. J. Elser, S. Hao, L. Kang and J. F. Harrison. 2010. Grasshopper developmental plasticity in heavilygrazed Asian Steppe pastures. Poster presented at the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology 2010 Annual Meeting, 3-7 January 2010, Seattle, WA. (link )


Cease, A. J., S. Hao, L. Kang, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2009. High density and high nitrogen: A dual stressor for grasshoppers?. Poster presented at the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology 2009 Annual Meeting, 3-7 Janiary 2009, Boston, MA. (link )


Elser, J. J. 1999. CAP LTER K-12 education program. Poster presented at the 22 January 1999, CAP LTER First Annual Poster Symposium, Center for Environmental Studies, Arizona State University, Tempe.



Cease, A. J., M. Fay, J. J. Elser and J. F. Harrison. 2014. Dietary phosphate strongly and nonlinearly affects performance of an omnivourous herbivore. Presentation at the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, 3-7 January 2014, Austin, TX. (link )


Cease, A. J., J. J. Elser, S. Hao and J. F. Harrison. 2013. Low plant nitrogen content and high population density enhance migratory characters in a polyphenic locust. Presentation at the Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting 2013, 3-7 January 2013, San Francisco, CA. (link )

Cease, A. J., J. F. Harrison, S. J. Simpson and J. J. Elser. 2013. Mongolian locusts may require balanced diets to develop migratory swarms. Presentation at the Australian Entomological Society Annual Meeting, 20 September-2 October 2013, Adelaide, South Australia. (link )


Cease, A. J., J. J. Elser, S. Hao, L. Kang and J. F. Harrison. 2011. Locusts prefer nitrogen‐poor plants in overgrazed pastures. Presentation at the 2011 Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology Annual Meeting, 3-7 January 2011, Salt Lake City, UT. (link )


Cease, A. J., J. Elser, S. Hao, L. Kang and J. F. Harrison. 2010. Nutrition‐ and density‐dependent polyphenism in a non‐model locust, the Chinese band‐winged grasshopper Oedaleus asiaticus. Presentation at the The 58th Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, 12-15 December 2010, San Diego, CA. (link )


Elser, J. J. and L. Randall. 2009. Urban Heat Island: Introduction and activities. Presented Saturday, Dec 5, 2009 at the National Science Teachers Association Area Conference on Science Education, Phoenix, AZ.

Wu, J., S. Naeem, J. J. Elser, Y. Bai, J. Huang, L. Kang, C. F. Clark, Q. Wang, Q. Pan and X. Han. 2009. Testing biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Albuquerque, NM. Presentation at the August 2-7, 2009 94th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America.


Schwartz, K. and J. J. Elser. 2007. Using survey instruments to design more effective workshops. November 14, 2007 Research Symposium at the North American Association for Environmental Education Annual Conference, Virginia Beach, VA. (link )


Elser, J. J. and C. Saltz. 2002. Linking scientists, teachers and children in scientific research. Presented at March 2002, Microcomputers in Education Conference, Arizona State University, Tempe.