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Jennifer Vanos

Jennifer Vanos

Associate Professor, School of Sustainability, College of Global Futures


School of Sustainability
Arizona State University
PO Box 875502
Tempe, AZ 85287-5502


  • Senior Global Futures Scientist, Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory
  • Associate Professor, School of Sustainability, College of Global Futures
  • Affiliated Faculty, School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences


Jennifer Vanos is an associate professor in the School of Sustainability at Arizona State University. She focuses on extreme heat, thermal comfort, and air pollution in her research, and examines health impacts on vulnerable populations, such as children and athletes. She is currently running numerous field projects in Arizona and collaborates with schools, government, and non-profits in community-based research.

Vanos is an active member of the Urban Climate Research Center at ASU and a scientific advisor for the Korey Stringer Institute. She currently serves on the executive board of the International Society of Biometeorology and is the chair of the Board on Environment and Health for the American Meteorological Society (AMS). She completed her PhD in 2012 at the University of Guelph in Canada and her post-doctoral degree with Health Canada.


  • PhD (with distinction), Atmospheric Sciences, University of Guelph, 2012
  • BS (with distinction), Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph


Journal Articles

In Press

Elmassry, M. M., N. Ray, S. Sorge, J. Webster, K. Merry, A. Caserio, D. J. Vecellio, C. Kruczek, S. Dowd, K. Ardon-Dryer, J. K. Vanos and M. J. San Francisco. Investigating the culturable atmospheric fungal and bacterial microbiome in West Texas: Implication of dust storms and origins of the air parcels. FEMS Microbes DOI: 10.1093/femsmc/xtaa009. (link )

Hosokawa, Y., W. M. Adams, D. J. Casa, J. K. Vanos, E. R. Cooper, A. J. Grundstein, B. P. McDermott, H. Otani, N. P. Raukar, R. L. Stearns and B. L. Tripp. Roundtable of preseason heat safety in secondary school athletics: Environmental monitoring during activities in the heat. Journal of Athletic Training 56(2):. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-0067.20. (link )

Monteblanco, A. D. and J. K. Vanos. Community-based maternal health workers’ perspectives on heat risk and safety: a pilot qualitative study. Health Care for Women International DOI: 10.1080/07399332.2020.1803873. (link )

Vanos, J. K., M. K. Wright, A. Kaiser, A. Middel, H. Ambrose and D. M. Hondula. Evaporative misters for urban cooling and comfort: effectiveness and motivations for use. International Journal of Biometeorology DOI: 10.1007/s00484-020-02056-y. (link )


Dzyuban, Y., D. M. Hondula, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel, P. J. Coseo, E. R. Kuras and C. L. Redman. 2022. Evidence of alliesthesia during a neighborhood thermal walk in a hot and dry city. Science of The Total Environment 834:155294. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.155294. (link )

Poulos, A., K. Wilson, K. Lanza and J. K. Vanos. 2022. A direct observation tool to measure interactions between shade, nature, and children’s physical activity: SOPLAY-SN. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 19:Art. 127. DOI: 10.1186/s12966-022-01355-4. (link )


Downs, N. J., T. Axelsen, P. Schouten, D. P. Igoe, A. V. Parisi and J. K. Vanos. 2020. Biologically effective solar ultraviolet exposures and the potential skin cancer risk for individual gold medalists of the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympic Games. Temperate 7(1):78-108. DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2019.1581427. (link )

Lenzholzer, S., G. Carsjens, R. D. Brown, S. Tavares, J. K. Vanos, Y. Kim and K. Lee. 2020. Awareness of urban climate adaptation strategies –an international overview. Urban Climate 34:Art. 100705. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100705. (link )

Lenzholzer, S., G. Carsjens, R. D. Brown, S. Tavares, J. K. Vanos, Y. Kim and K. Lee. 2020. Urban climate awareness and urgency to adapt: An international overview. Urban Climate 33:Art. 100667. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2020.100667. (link )

Vanos, J. K., J. W. Baldwin, O. Jay and K. L. Ebi. 2020. Simplicity lacks robustness when projecting heat-health outcomes in a changing climate. Nature Communications 11:Art. 6079. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19994-1. (link )

Vanos, J. K. and A. J. Grundstein. 2020. Variations in athlete heat-loss potential between hot-dry and warm-humid environments at equivalent wet-bulb globe temperature thresholds. Journal of Athletic Training 55(11):1190-1198. DOI: 10.4085/1062-6050-313-19. (link )

Vanos, J. K., W. M. Thomas, A. J. Grundstein, Y. Hosokawa, Y. Liu and D. J. Casa. 2020. A multi-scalar climatological analysis in preparation for extreme heat at the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Temperature 7(2):191-214. DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2020.1737479. (link )


Downs, N. J., L. Baldwin, A. V. Parisi, H. J. Butler, J. K. Vanos, M. Beckman and S. Harrison. 2019. Comparing the annualised dynamic shade characteristics of twenty-one tree canopies across twenty-six municipalities in a high ambient UV climate, Queensland - Australia. Applied Geography 108(Jul):74-82. DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeog.2019.05.006. (link )

Green, H., J. Bailey, L. Schwarz, J. K. Vanos, K. L. Ebi and T. Benmarhnia. 2019. Impact of heat on mortality and morbidity in low and middle income countries: A review of the epidemiological evidence and considerations for future research. Environmental Research 171(Apr):80-91. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.01.010. (link )

Hosokawa, Y., D. J. Casa, J. M. Trtanj, L. N. Belval, P. A. Deuster, S. M. Giltz, A. J. Grundstein, M. D. Hawkins, R. A. Huggins, B. Jacklitsch, J. F. Jardine, H. Jones, J. B. Kazman, M. E. Reynolds, R. L. Stearns, J. K. Vanos, A. L. Williams and W. J. Williams. 2019. Activity modification in heat: Critical assessment of guidelines across athletic, occupational, and military settings in the USA. International Journal of Biometeorolgy 63(3):405-427. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-019-01673-6. (link )

Liu, Y., N. Zhao, J. K. Vanos and G. Cao. 2019. Revisiting the estimations of PM2.5-attributable mortality with advancements in PM2.5 mapping and mortality statistics. Science of The Total Environment 666(May):499-507. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.269. (link )

Olsen, H., E. Kennedy and J. Vanos. 2019. Shade provision in public playgrounds for thermal safety and sun protection: A case study across 100 play spaces in the United States. Landscape and Urban Planning 189(Sep):200-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.04.003. (link )

Vanos, J. K., E. Kosaka, A. Iida, M. Yokohari, A. Middel, I. Scott-Fleming and R. D. Brown. 2019. Planning for spectator thermal comfort and health in the face of extreme heat: The Tokyo 2020 Olympic marathons. Science of The Total Environment 657(Mar):904-917. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.11.447. (link )

Vanos, J., D. J. Vecellio and T. Kjellstrom. 2019. Workplace heat exposure, health protection, and economic impacts: A case study in Canada. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 62(12):1024-1037. DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22966. (link )


Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, L. Pinault, E. Lavigne, J. Vanos, D. Lawson Crouse and M. Tjepkema. 2018. Associations between long-term PM2.5 and ozone exposure and mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CANCHEC), by spatial synoptic classification zone. Environmental International 111(Feb):200-211. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.030. (link )

Hardin, A. W., Y. Liu, G. Cao and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Urban heat island intensity and spatial variability by synoptic weather type in the northeast U.S.. Urban Climate 24(Jun):747-782. DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2017.09.001. (link )

Hardin, A. W. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. The influence of surface type on the absorbed radiation by a human under hot, dry conditions. International Journal of Biometeorology 62(1):43-56. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1357-6. (link )

Herdt, A., R. D. Brown, I. Scott-Fleming, G. Cao, M. MacDonald, D. Henderson and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Outdoor thermal comfort during anomalous heat at the 2015 Pan American Games in Toronto, Canada. Atmosphere 9(8):Art 321. DOI: 10.3390/atmos9080321. (link )

Joe, P., N. B. Bernier, V. Bouchet, J. R. Brook, D. Brunet, W. Burrows, J. Charland, A. Dehghan, N. Driedger, C. Duhaime, G. Evans, A. Filion, R. Frenette, J. de Grandpré, I. Gultepe, D. Henderson, A. Herdt, N. Hilker, L. Huang, E. Hung, G. Isaac, C. Jeong, D. Johnston, J. Klaassen, S. Leroyer, H. Lin, M. MacDonald, J. MacPhee, Z. Mariani, T. Munoz, J. Reid, A. Robichaud, Y. Rochon, K. Shairsingh, D. Sills, L. Spacek, C. Stroud, Y. Su, N. Taylor, J. Vanos, J. Voogt, J. M. Wang, T. Wiechers, S. Wren, H. Yang and T. Yip. 2018. The Environment Canada Pan and Parapan American science showcase project. Belletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(5):921-973. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0162.1. (link )

Kalkstein, A. J., L. S. Kalkstein, J. K. Vanos, D. R. Eisenman and P. G. Dixon. 2018. Heat/mortality sensitivities in Los Angeles during winter: a unique phenomenon in the United States. Environmental Health 17:Art. 45. DOI: 10.1186/s12940-018-0389-7. (link )

Kosaka, E., A. Iida, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel, M. Yokohari and R. Brown. 2018. Microclimate variation and estimated heat stress of runners in the 2020 Tokyo Olympic marathon. Atmosphere 9(5):Art. 192. DOI: 10.3390/atmos9050192. (link )

McGregor, G. R. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Heat: A primer for public health researchers. Public Health 161(Aug):138-146. DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2017.11.005. (link )

McKercher, G. R. and J. K. Vanos. 2018. Low-cost mobile air pollution monitoring in urban environments: A pilot study in Lubbock, Texas. Environmental Technology 39(12):1505-1514. DOI: 10.1080/09593330.2017.1332106. (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. Middel, M. N. Poletti and N. J. Selover. 2018. Evaluating the impact of solar radiation on pediatric heat balance within enclosed, hot vehicles. Temperature 5(23):276-292. DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2018.1468205. (link )

Zhao, N., G. Cao, J. K. Vanos and D. J. Vecellio. 2018. The effects of synoptic weather on influenza infection incidences: A retrospective study utilizing digital disease surveillance. International Journal of Biometeorology 62(1):69-84. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1306-4. (link )

Zhao, N., Y. Liu, J. K. Vanos and G. Cao. 2018. Day-of-week and seasonal patterns of PM2.5 concentrations over the United States: Time-series analyses using the Prophet procedure. Atmospheric Environment 192(Nov):116-127. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.08.050. (link )


Allen, M. J., J. Vanos, D. M. Hondula, D. J. Vecellio, D. Knight, H. Mebdipoor, R. Lucas, C. Fuhrmann, H. Lokys, A. Lees, S. Tavares Nascimento, A. C. Leung and D. R. Perkins IV. 2017. Supporting sustainability initiatives through biometeorology education and training. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(Supple. 1):93-106. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1408-z. (link )

Graham, D. A., J. K. Vanos, N. A. Kenny and R. D. Brown. 2017. Modelling the effects of urban design on emergency medical response calls during extreme heat events in Toronto, Canada. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(7):Art. 778. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070778. (link )

Grundstein, A. J., J. A. Knox, J. K. Vanos, E. R. Cooper and D. J. Casa. 2017. American football and fatal exertional heat stroke: A case study of Korey Stringer. International Journal of Biometeorology 61(8):1471-1480. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1324-2. (link )

Hondula, D. M., A. Middel, J. K. Vanos, L. Herdt and A. Kaiser. 2017. Urban water infrastructure for cooling: Case studies from humid and arid cities. Regions Magazine 306(1):20-23. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2017.11878969. (link )

Kuras, E. R., M. B. Richardson, M. M. Calkins, K. L. Ebi, J. J. Hess, K. W. Kintziger, M. A. Jagger, A. Middel, A. A. Scott, J. T. Spector, C. K. Uejio, J. K. Vanos, B. F. Zaitchik, J. M. Gohlke and D. M. Hondula. 2017. Opportunities and challenges for personal heat exposure research. Environmental Health Perspectives 125(8):085001. DOI: 10.1289/EHP556. (link )

Liu, Y., N. Zhao, J. K. Vanos and G. Cao. 2017. Effects of synoptic weather on ground-level PM2.5 concentrations in the United States.. Atmospheric Environment 148(Jan):297-305. DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.10.052. (link )

McKercher, G. R., J. A. Salmond and J. K. Vanos. 2017. Characteristics and applications of small, portable gaseous air pollution monitors. Environmental Pollution 223(Apr):102-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.12.045. (link )

Solís, P., J. K. Vanos and R. E. Forbis Jr. 2017. The decision-making/accountability spatial incongruence problem for research linking environmental science and policy. Geographical Review 107(4):680-704. DOI: 10.1111/gere.12240 . (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. J. Hardt and M. R. Lochbaum. 2017. Effects of physical activity and shade on the heat balance and thermal perceptions of children in a playground microclimate. Buildling and Environment 126(Dec):119-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2017.09.026. (link )

Vanos, J. K., G. R. McKercher, K. Naughton and M. R. Lochbaum. 2017. Schoolyard shade and sun exposure: Assessment of personal monitoring during children's physical activity. Photochemistry and Photobiology 93(4):1123-1132. DOI: 10.1111/php.12721. (link )


Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, J. D. Cakmak and J. K. Vanos. 2016. The modifying effect of socioeconomic status on the relationship between traffic, air pollution and respiratory health in elementary schoolchildren. Journal of Environmental Management 177(Jul):1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.03.051. (link )

Cakmak, S., C. Hebbern, J. Vanos, D. L. Crouse and R. Burnett. 2016. Ozone exposure and cardiovascular-related mortality in the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CANCHEC) by spatial synoptic classification zone. Environmental Pollution 214(Jul):589-599. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.067. (link )

Dixon, P. G., M. Allen, S. N. Gosling, D. M. Hondula, V. Ingole, R. Lucas and J. Vanos. 2016. Perspectives on the synoptic climate classification and its role in interdisciplinary research. Geography Compass 10(4):147-164. DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12264 . (link )

Graham, D. A., J. K. Vanos, N. A. Kenny and R. D. Brown. 2016. The relationship between neighborhood tree canopy cover and heat-related ambulance calls during extreme heat events in Toronto, Canada. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 20(Dec):180-186. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2016.08.005. (link )

Vanos, J. K., A. Middel, G. R. McKercher, E. R. Kuras and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Hot playgrounds and children's health: A multiscale analysis of surface temperatures in Arizona, USA. Landscape and Urban Planning 146(February):29-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.10.007. (link )


Brown, R. D., J. Vanos, N. Kenny and S. Lenzholzer. 2015. Designing urban parks that ameliorate the effects of climate change. Landscape and Urban Planning 138(Jun):118-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.02.006. (link )

Hondula, D. M., R. C. Balling Jr., J. K. Vanos and M. Georgescu. 2015. Rising temperatures, human health, and the role of adaptation. Current Climate Change Reports 1(3):144-154. DOI: 10.1007/s40641-015-0016-4. (link )

Karner, A., D. M. Hondula and J. K. Vanos. 2015. Heat exposure during non-motorized travel: Implications for transportation policy under climate change. Journal of Transport & Health 2(4):451-459. DOI: 10.1016/j.jth.2015.10.001. (link )

Vanos, J. K. 2015. Children's health and vulnerability in outdoor microclimates: A comprehensive review. Environmental International 76(Mar):1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.11.016. (link )

Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak, L. S. Kalkstein and A. Yagouti. 2015. Association of weather and air pollution interactions on daily mortality in 12 Canadian cities. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 8(3):307-320. DOI: 10.1007/s11869-014-0266-7. (link )

Vanos, J. K., L. S. Kalkstein and T. J. Sanford. 2015. Detecting synoptic warming trends across the US Midwest and implications to human health and heat‐related mortality. International Journal of Climatology 35(1):85-96. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3964. (link )


Cakmak, S., R. Dales, L. M. Kauri, M. Mahmud, K. Van Ryswyk, J. K. Vanos, L. Liu, P. Kumarathasan, E. Thomson, R. Vincent and S. Weichenthal. 2014. Metal composition of fine particulate air pollution and acute changes in cardiorespiratory physiology. Environmental Pollution 189(Jun):208-214. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.004. (link )

Gosling, S. N., E. K. Bryce, P. G. Dixon, K. M. Gabriel, E. Y. Gosling, J. M. Hanes, D. M. Hondula, L. Liang, P. A. Bustos Mac Lean, S. Muthers, S. T. Nascimento, M. Petralli, J. K. Vanos and E. R. Wanka. 2014. A glossary for biometeorology. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):277-308. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0729-9. (link )

Hondula, D. M., J. K. Vanos and S. N. Gosling. 2014. The SSC: A decade of climate–health research and future directions. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):109-120. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0619-6. (link )

Vanos, J. K. and S. Cakmak. 2014. Changing air mass frequencies in Canada: Potential links and implications for human health. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(2):121-135. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-013-0634-2. (link )

Vanos, J. K., C. Hebbern and S. Cakmak. 2014. Risk assessment for cardiovascular and respiratory mortality due to air pollution and synoptic meteorology in 10 Canadian cities. Environmental Pollution 185(Feb):322-332. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2013.11.007. (link )


Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak, C. Bristow, V. Brion, N. Tremblay, S. L. Martin and S. S. Sheridan. 2013. Synoptic weather typing applied to air pollution mortality among the elderly in 10 Canadian cities. Environmental Research 126(Oct):66-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2013.08.003. (link )


Vanos, J. K., J. K. Vanos, J. S. Warland, J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and T. J. Gillespie. 2012. Human energy budget modeling in urban parks in Toronto and applications to emergency heat stress preparedness. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51(9):1639-1653. DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0245.1. (link )

Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2012. Improved predictive ability of climate-human-behaviour interactions with modifications to the COMFA outdoor energy budget model. International Journal of Biometeorology 56(6):1065-1074. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-012-0522-1. (link )

Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2012. Thermal comfort modelling of body temperature and psychological variations of a human exercising in an outdoor environment. International Journal of Biometeorology 56(1):21-32. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-010-0393-2. (link )


Vanos, J. K., J. S. Warland, T. J. Gillespie and N. A. Kenny. 2010. Review of the physiology of human thermal comfort while exercising in urban landscapes and implications for bioclimatic design. International Journal of Biometeorology 54(43):319-334. DOI: 10.1007/s00484-010-0301-9. (link )

Book Chapters


Hosokawa, Y., A. J. Grundstein, J. K. Vanos and E. R. Cooper. 2018. Environmental condition and monitoring. Pp. 147-162 In: Casa, D. J. ed., Spot and Physical Activity in the Heat: Maximizing Performance and Safety. Springer. Cham. ISBN: 978-3-319-70216-2. (link )


Orlandini, S., J. K. Vanos, A. Matzarakis, L. Massetti and M. Petralli. 2017. Urban forestry and microclimate. Pp. Chater 7 In: Ferrini, F., C. C. Konijnendijk van den Bosch and A. Fini eds., Routledge Handbook of Urban Forestry. Routledge. ISBN: 9781138647282.



Lebeiko, L., P. J. Coseo, A. Middel, J. K. Vanos, D. M. Hondula, B. Kay, F. A. Schneider, S. Alkhaled, A. Udupa, J. Labato, L. Kurtz, A. Aldakheelallah and J. Marturano. 2020. Adapting urban infrastructure for local and global climate change: Climate action planning for extreme heat in urban environments. Poster presented at the Twenty-second Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, January 17, 2020, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Rosales, J., M. K. Wright, S. R. Elser, A. Henning, M. Herrera, N. Cox, D. M. Hondula and J. K. Vanos. 2020. Heat and sun exposure along active transport pedestrian pathways. Poster presented at the Twenty-second Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, January 17, 2020, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )

Vanos, J. K., C. Cheng, S. Cloutier, P. J. Coseo, B. J. Grant, A. Hess, A. Ross and J. Labato. 2020. Microscale urban adaptations to mitigate heat and air pollution exposures and improve children’s health: An overview. Poster presented at the Twenty-second Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, January 17, 2020, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )


Dzyuban, Y., M. Messerschmidt, H. A. Fischer, A. Ellsworth, P. Solís, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel and D. M. Hondula. 2019. Mapping thermal comfort in Edison Eastlake Neighborhood with citizen scientists. Poster presented at the 21st Annual CAP LTER All Scientists Meeting and Poster Symposium, January 11, 2019, Skysong, Scottsdale, AZ. (link )



Dzyuban, Y., D. M. Hondula, M. Messerschmidt, J. K. Vanos, A. Middel and P. J. Coseo. 2020. Heat walk: Perception of thermal comfort in relation to street infrastructure. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 100th Annual Meeting, January 12-16, 2020, Boston, MA. (link )


Hondula, D. M., M. Chavez, J. Harlow, A. Middel, E. W. Johnston and J. K. Vanos. 2017. Thermal comfort and shade provision at City of Phoenix bus stops. Presentation at the Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, April 5-9, 2017, Boston, MA.


Middel, A., J. K. Vanos and B. L. Ruddell. 2016. Time-depending surface temperature observations from mobile transects: A sensitivity analysis. Presentation at the American Meteorological Society 96th Annual Meeting, January 10-14, 2016, New Orleans, NA. (link )


Vanos, J., A. Middel and B. L. Ruddell. 2015. A multiscaler thermal analysis of urban playgrounds. Presentation at the 9th International Conference on Urban Climate (ICUC9), July 20–24, 2015., Toulouse, France. (link )

Conference Papers


Vanos, J. K., S. Cakmak and L. S. Kalkstein. 2013. Association of weather and air pollution interactions on daily mortality in 12 Canadian cities. Pp. 15-26 In: Longhurst, I. W. and C. A. Brebbia eds., Air Pollution XXI. (link )